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European Experiences, Threat Perceptions and Policies
The shocking events of 11 September 2001 in the United States drew worldwide attention to the terrorist phenomenon. Confronting Terrorism focuses on terrorism and the struggle against it in Europe: on recent experiences, threat perceptions and the policies of several European countries, including the effects produced by the 11 September attacks.
Specialists from Ireland, the United Kingdom, Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, France, Spain, Italy and Greece analyse the development of threat perceptions concerning terrorism and counter-terrorist policy-making in their respective countries. To facilitate comparisons between their findings, they have worked from an identical set of questions. Their chapters are followed by contributions on relevant policy-making and decisions in the European Union, and on the European input in United Nations policy-making processes. A summary of main conclusions and recommendations is also presented.

that appointing new permanent members would work against the principle of democratization in international relations. In their view a mistake was made in San Francisco in 1945 with the creation of a permanent membership category in the Security Council; the same mistake should not be repeated. Many

In: Key Documents on the Reform of the UN Security Council 1991-2019

any examination of the use of the veto. 75. Many delegations were of the view that a “voluntary moratorium” or self-restraint with regard to the exercise of veto could not be considered as an option that would enhance the democratization process of the Security Council. The opinion was also

In: Key Documents on the Reform of the UN Security Council 1991-2019

, Tenth Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, The Jakarta Message, NAC 10/Doc. 12/Rev.1 and 2, in UN Doc. A/47/675-S/24816 of 18 November 1992 The Jakarta Message: A Call for Collective Action and the Democratization of International Relations (NAC 10/Doc. 12/Rev.1) 1

In: Key Documents on the Reform of the UN Security Council 1991-2019

veto with a view to its elimination.] *33 2.7 [… democratise the decision-making process of the Council, including by eliminating the undemocratic and anachronistic privilege of the veto.] [Taking into account that it would not be realistic to achieve the elimination of the veto at this point, its

In: Key Documents on the Reform of the UN Security Council 1991-2019

keeping with the principles and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations”. 58 The Jakarta Conference deplored that this reform continued “to be hampered by those who seek to preserve their privileged positions of power”. The democratization of the United Nations and its bodies should avoid

In: Key Documents on the Reform of the UN Security Council 1991-2019
Author: Jens Iverson
In Jus Post Bellum, Jens Iverson provides the Just War foundations of the concept, reveals the function of jus post bellum, and integrates the law that governs the transition from armed conflict to peace. This volume traces the history of jus post bellum avant la letter, tracing important writings on the transition to peace from Augustine, Aquinas, and Kant to more modern jurists and scholars. It explores definitional aspects of jus post bellum, including current its relationship to sister terms and related fields. It also critically evaluates the current state and possibilities for future development of the law and normative principles that apply to the transition to peace. Peacebuilders, scholars, and diplomats will find this book a crucial resource.

international cooperation, promoting democratization in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, providing economic and educational support, and stabilizing new zones of conflict and unrest. This writer, as no doubt did many readers, shared the initial enthusiasm and conducted, as well as participated in, the

In: Jus Post Bellum

responsibility in war crimes is a basic postulate for democratising the use of force by the State in post-conflict periods, and for consolidating relations between the military and the civilians in those territories who suffered from the excesses of the state armed forces. For the first time in Colombia, the

In: Jus Post Bellum

) 224–242. Samuel P. Huntington, The Third Wave . Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century (University of Oklahoma Press, 1991). 6 David Campbell, ‘MetaBosnia: narratives of the Bosnian War’ (1998), 24 Review of International Studies 261. 7 Bogdan Denitch, Ethnic Nationalism: The Tragic Death

In: Jus Post Bellum