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Author: Adina Stefan
Securitization and Democratization reveals the mutual dependency between democratization and securitization, two processes that while evolving reinforce each other. The study of the democratic consolidation is complemented by the more complex and dynamic securitization elements that offer an in-depth view of the internal threats to be faced. Ms. Stefan’s analysis creates an articulated and coherent concept underlying the close dependence between democracy and security. As a study case, Romania provides a wide scale of situations in several security sectors and contributes to building a model that is operational in any post-communist society.
Author: David Lovell

of the foreign policies of liberal democracies tends to diminish the challenges of democratization and has the potential to exacerbate international tensions, bring democracy itself into disrepute, and diminish the role of traditional diplomacy in manag- ing differences between states. Keywords

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

of experience in peacebuilding and democratization in Bosnia and Hercegovina. ** Paula Garb is associate director of international studies and associate adjunct profes- sor of anthropology at the University of California, Irvine. She is co-director and founding mem- ber of UCI’s Center for Citizen

In: International Negotiation
Author: Charlotte Hille
Contributor: Renee Gendron
In Clans and Democratization, Charlotte Hille investigates clan societies in Afghanistan, Iraq, Albania and Chechnya. She explores and compares the values of clans with those in Western democratic states, while focusing at conflict resolution and democratization. Based on theory and practice, this book provides tools to facilitate democratic state building in clan-based societies.

article takes an initial step toward understanding if and how IC s improve or weaken the presence of democratic values in international lawmaking. In particular, I home in on one feature of the institutional design of IC s and ask what potential role it plays in democratizing international lawmaking

In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations
Author: Stephan Ortmann

Democratization in Hong Kong has come to a dead end following the rejection of an electoral reform proposal by the Legislative Council on June 18, 2015. The measure was voted down because pan-democrats had been deeply disappointed by the fact that the reform proposal by the Chinese government would have only allowed pre-screened candidates and thus denied Hong Kongers a true choice. This followed more than two months of street occupations in which protesters demanded real universal suffrage to no avail. This paper seeks to demonstrate how the “China factor” has inhibited the democratization process in four distinct phases of political development. Since World War II, one of the main reasons for the lack of democratization was opposition by the Chinese government. In the late 1980s, the prospect of political reforms in China raised hopes for political change in Hong Kong. This was, however, crushed in 1989, which empowered a democracy movement in Hong Kong. Since the transfer of power from Britain to China in 1997, despite protests for democracy, there has been very little progress toward meaningful democratization. Moreover, in recent years, there has even been a slow process from liberal to illiberal authoritarianism which is accompanied by growing conflicts and even violence as political freedoms are being curtailed.

In: Asian International Studies Review

demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration, where the former warrior needs to find trust in the system to lay down his or her weapons and reintegrate into civilian life. Once security is restored, democratisation, as part of the state building project, can be implemented. The topics that need to be

In: Clans and Democratization: Chechnya, Albania, Afghanistan and Iraq

-parliamentary assemblies, globalization, democratization, scrutiny, accountability, legitimacy, parliamentarians. Parliamentary Diplomacy ‘Parliamentary diplomacy’ is not yet a widely studied subject. Indeed, the recent past and near future will only begin to see its proper definition. While a sound theoretical analysis

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
This collection of essays explores the notion, tools and challenges of human rights diplomacy, which is understood as the utilisation of diplomatic negotiation and persuasion for the specific purpose of promoting and protecting human rights. Theoretical reflections are combined with first-hand accounts from a range of policy-makers involved in human rights diplomacy at the bilateral, regional and multilateral (UN) level. Contributors include inter-governmentally appointed office-holders, human rights ambassadors, members of UN human rights treaty bodies and representatives of inter-governmental organisations, national human rights organisations and non-governmental organisations. Their analysis shows that skilful and principled diplomacy can become a crucial part of a holistic approach to human rights protection, complementing other means such as legal remedies, public advocacy, political pressure and technical assistance. This book builds on discussions at a high-level workshop on the topic, organised by the University of Nottingham Human Rights Law Centre, the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation and the Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań.

calling attention to the critical importance of Japanese participation in social, political, and legal reforms. Many view the "reverse course" of 1947-1948 as a retreat from democratization. Among the i...

In: The SHAFR Guide Online