Search Results

In: Contesting and Constructing International Perspectives in Global Education
In: Un-Democratic Acts
Author: Laura Engel
New State Formations in Education Policy: Reflections from Spain explores globalization, shifting state spaces and education in relation to a diverse set of processes including democratization, decentralization, and Europeanization. The book offers a unique perspective on education policy formation in the modern nation state, in which education policy-makers have to take into account and negotiate not only pressures related to devolution and regionalization, but also policy ideas emanating from the developing European agenda and notions circulating within the global space. In this way, education policy concepts are not only formed in relation to national-regional dynamics, but are influenced more broadly by a complex set of supranational and global considerations. While the book focuses on Spain, this study reflects the growing influence of globalization on national systems of education. The book, therefore, will be of interest to those engaged in studies of globalization and education, and those with an interest in the contemporary political, cultural, and educational context of Europe.
This book is framed as a dialogue, between Hugo Letiche’s iconoclastic appeals to demonstrate (as in a demo) for a pedagogy/philosophy/politics of (re-)territorialization (as in the demos), and Jacques Rancière’s calls for dissensus and a new sensibility ( le partage du sensible) that may lead to radical democratization. Writing here are: Asmund Born, Damian O’Doherty, Joanna Latimer, Hugo Letiche, Geoff Lightfoot, Simon Lilley, Alphonso Lingis, Stephen Linstead, Garance Maréchal, Jean-Luc Moriceau, Rolland Munro, Rukmini Bhaya Nair, Peter Pelzer, Yvon Pesqueux, Burkard Sievers, Isabelle Stengers, and Niels Thyge Thygesen. These authors explore learning and education, research and investigation, writing and practice, in the context of the study of organization and of organizing. They champion affect, hope, poetic narrative, slow science, justice, the commons, engagement and fairness.
Visually - Digitally - Spatially
Volume Editor: Julianne Moss
This book is aimed at researchers in education who are looking for the take up of bold visions in educational research through visual, digital and spatial knowing. Drawing from research conducted by experienced researchers and graduate students in Australia, through visual methods the book presents work that is at the forefront of working with innovative qualitative research methodologies theoretically and practically. The book shows the possibilities, problems and researcher responses to working with image through complex theoretical territory such as Actor network theory, Deleuzian theory, feminist and poststructuralist methods, positioning theory and narrative theory. All chapters have in common, a response to issues that broadly can be defined as the issues of education that prove to be deep seated and troubling and show a concern for critically orientated scholarship. The book moves across the stages of education from early childhood, middle years, secondary schooling to higher education. A provocative and lively introduction frames the field of visual methods for education resarchers. With visualtiy in mind, issues such as researcher and participant identity, what is contributed or lost when we democratise the research process and ethial issues of working globally are discussed. By getting underneath the cover story of educational research, the contribution is an accessible and concise account of educational research that confronts current issues of curriculum and pedagogy and is useful for those new to qualitative research and visual methods.
Volume Editors: Ali A. Abdi and George Richardson
The essays in this edited collection open up a hopeful dialogue about the existing state of democratic education and the ways in which it could be re-imagined as an inclusive, democratized space of possibility and engagement. Proceeding from a critique that questions the dominance of Western liberal understandings of democratic education as a series of rational, culturally neutral acts undertaken by individuals who conceive of democracy and ‘the common good’ in universalist and fundamentally exclusionary terms, the contributors give voice to those whose ideas, histories, cultures and current understanding of the world is not highlighted in the dominant relationships of schooling.
From a variety of theoretical and pragmatic approaches, the chapters in this collection engage the dialectics of history, power, colonization and decolonization, identity, memory, citizenship, Aboriginal rights, development and globalization, all in the context of providing a critique of educational systems, relations, structures and curricula that seem badly in need of reform. While the contributors who have diverse scholarly interests are not in a direct dialogue with one another, their different foci should, nevertheless, inter-topically inform each other. The book should interest students and researchers in the general foundations of education, democracy and education, citizenship education, comparative and international education, postcolonial studies in education, and cultural studies in education.
Volume Editor: Ronald G. Sultana
A score of prominent educators from South Europe and the Middle East and North Africa region speak about their upbringing, their educational and professional journeys, their academic achievements, and their struggles in order to enhance democracy, justice and equity in their countries and across the Mediterranean. The interviews in this volume shed light on educational movements, challenges, and aspirations in a region that is attaining increasing importance geo-politically, and in comparative and international studies. These are powerful and critical voices, providing readers with fresh, often unexpected insights about contexts, cultures, and convictions that deserve global attention. The interviews with these men and women inform, intrigue, but above all inspire, calling, as they do, for an earnest commitment to a vision of education as a transformative, democratising force. In contrast to the global, totalising discourse that has increasingly defined education in narrowly economistic terms, here are the beginnings of alternative agendas, inviting citizens to ‘read’ and decode the world around them, and to confront power, wherever it lies. In doing so, the educators in this volume draw upon and put at our disposal a wide array of theoretical lenses, nimbly weaving these within a narrative that speaks about a lifetime lived in the hope of making a difference. These, then, are vivid, engaging, and reflexive accounts, emerging from contexts where democracy has only recently taken root, if at all, and from a region that has come to symbolize the return of the political, and the reclaiming of the public sphere as a site for transformation, contestation, revolt, and hope.
A Game Theory Perspective (1994-2016)
Volume Editor: Ka-ho Kwok
Politics affect education, particularly in transitional societies. It is obvious that Taiwan’s education reform and democratization share the same set of players. All major educational players played a role at different stages in the electoral process striving for popular support. This book applies game theoretic tools and proposes “dynamic positioning” as a new framework that regards Taiwan’s education reform from 1994 to 2016 as the outcome of players’ strategic interactions (instead of top-down or bottom-up).

The complex interplay is characterized by the continual adjustment of one’s preferences and strategies in response to other players’ moves. This concept helps explain how and why Taiwan’s education reform was once embraced by most players (cooperation), but became a battlefield between different camps (non-cooperation) soon after a change of the ruling party in 2000. It disputes various structural approaches on educational change, including functionalism, conflict theory, globalization, and theories of liberal democracy. It also contributes to the field of game theoretical studies in education and the specific literature of politics, social change, and education reform.
Author: Wangbei Ye

Numerous critical studies on citizenship have demonstrated that schools and teachers make a significant contribution to democracy. However, due to the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) tight political control and the Chinese governments’ deep involvement in citizenship education, the ways in which Chinese schools and teachers affect democratic citizenship education are underresearched. With reference to school-based curriculum development (SBCD, initiated in 2001), this chapter investigates the impact of Chinese schools and teachers on citizenship education, with particular attention to their influence in the three stages of SBCD: goal setting, content and pedagogy selection, and implementation. Data were drawn from studies in three secondary schools (Grades 7–9), 90 questionnaires completed by teachers and 23 individual interviews with government administrators, university experts, school principals and teachers from February to December, 2008. The findings indicate that Chinese school practices are congruent with critical pedagogy studies underscoring the emancipatory potential of schools and teachers: Schools can advance democratic citizenship education by de-politicising CCP-dominated citizenship education, decentralising curriculum decisions in order to take power from governments, and democratising school culture to better meet the needs of Chinese civil society. These practices do not, however, eliminate the CCP’s and state’s politically-motivated values, centralised control and non-democratic education management style in general. Therefore, this study suggests school power in China can best be understood by viewing the concept of school power as a semi-emancipatory relationship.

In: Politics, Participation & Power Relations