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Epicurean Meteorology

Sources, Method, Scope and Organization 

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Fredericus Antonius Bakker

In Epicurean Meteorology Frederik Bakker discusses the meteorology as laid out by Epicurus (341-270 BCE) and Lucretius (1st century BCE). Although in scope and organization their ideas are clearly rooted in the Peripatetic tradition, their meteorology sets itself apart from this tradition by its systematic use of multiple explanations and its sole reliance on sensory evidence as opposed to mathematics and other axiomatic principles.
Through a thorough investigation of the available evidence Bakker offers an updated and qualified account of Epicurean meteorology, arguing against Theophrastus’ authorship of the Syriac meteorology, highlighting the originality of Lucretius’ treatment of mirabilia, and refuting the oft-repeated claim that the Epicureans held the earth to be flat.

Barbarism Revisited

New Perspectives on an Old Concept

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Edited by Maria Boletsi and Christian Moser

The figure of the barbarian has captivated the Western imagination from Greek antiquity to the present. Since the 1990s, the rhetoric of civilization versus barbarism has taken center stage in Western political rhetoric and the media. But how can the longevity and popularity of this opposition be accounted for? Why has it become such a deeply ingrained habit of thought that is still being so effectively mobilized in Western discourses?
The twenty essays in this volume revisit well-known and obscure chapters in barbarism's genealogy from new perspectives and through contemporary theoretical idioms. With studies spanning from Greek antiquity to the present, they show how barbarism has functioned as the negative outside separating a civilized interior from a barbarian exterior; as the middle term in-between savagery and civilization in evolutionary models; as a repressed aspect of the civilized psyche; as concomitant with civilization; as a term that confuses fixed notions of space and time; or as an affirmative notion in philosophy and art, signifying radical change and regeneration.
Proposing an original interdisciplinary approach to barbarism, this volume includes both overviews of the concept's travels as well as specific case studies of its workings in art, literature, philosophy, film, ethnography, design, and popular culture in various periods, geopolitical contexts, and intellectual traditions. Through this kaleidoscopic view of the concept, it recasts the history of ideas not only as a task for historians, but also literary scholars, art historians, and cultural analysts.

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Edited by Miira Tuominen, Sara Heinämaa and Virpi Mäkinen

New investigations on the content, impact, and criticism of Aristotelianism in Antiquity, the Late Middle Ages, and modern ethics show that Aristotelianism is not an obsolete monolithic doctrine but a living and evolving tradition within philosophy. Modern philosophy and science are sometimes understood as anti-Aristotelian, and Early Modern philosophers often conceived their philosophical project as opposing medieval Aristotelianism. New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics brings to light the inner complexity of these simplified oppositions by analysing Aristotle’s philosophy, the Aristotelian tradition, and criticism towards it within three topics – knowledge, rights, and the good life – in ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy. It explores the resources of Aristotle’s philosophy for breaking through some central impasses and simplified dichotomies of the philosophy of our time.

Contributors are: John Drummond, Sabine Föllinger, Hallvard Fossheim, Sara Heinämaa, Roberto Lambertini, Virpi Mäkinen, Fred D. Miller, Diana Quarantotto, and Miira Tuominen

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Grégoire Lacaze

 : «  The Turba has been omnipresent in early modern alchemy […] As it was constantly available in print since 572, it was quite influential … » (Didier Kahn, « The Turba philosophorum and its French version (15th C.) », in M. López Pérez, D. Kahn, M. del Mar Rey Bueno (éd.), Chymia : Science and

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Rebecca Flemming

were previously unknown, or last encountered long ago, as in medieval Japan, and early modern Spanish America, for example, the effect on communities lacking resistance can be devastating. 82 Whereas, in circumstances where the environment and population allow the pathogens to establish a permanent

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Nadine Metzger

lustful daimōn reminiscent of the early modern incubus, 84 it can not be concluded that Caelius considered Ephialtes a predominantly sexual experience. He only mentions sexual intentions of an imagined assailant as one of many possible dream images experienced by the Ephialtes patient. 85 It becomes

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Chiara Thumiger

Trial: The Ancient and Early Modern Evidence ; Holmes, B. (2012) Gender: Antiquity and its Legacy , 26–27, 46–48. 25 Which further undermines Foucault’s binary organization of two sexual pathologies; see also Rufus, Sat. 70,16–8 Daremberg on the possibility of satyriasis changing into gonorrhoea

David Bronstein and Whitney Schwab

). 6 For useful discussions of the different varieties of innatism in ancient, early modern and contemporary philosophy, see Barnes 1972, Cowie 1999, 3-26, Fine 2014, 21-3 and 141-6, and Scott 1995, 91-5, 188-90, and 213-16. These authors discuss a third type of innatism—especially in connection with

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Grégoire Lacaze

. Jahrunderts , Wien, 1905, 62. 3 L’ étude la plus récente sur les versions imprimées est celle de D. Kahn, « The Turba philosophorum and its French version (15th C.) », in M. López Pérez, D. Kahn, Mar Rey Bueno (éd.), Chymia : Science and Nature in Medieval and Early Modern Europe , Cambridge Scholars