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M. Antoni and S.J. J. Ucerler

-day Shimane prefecture, had been established in 1526 and became one of the most important silver mines of the early modern era. It was comparable to the Cerro Rico mine in Potosí in present-day Bolivia, which had been part of the viceroyalty of Peru and a major source of wealth for the Spanish empire. It was


Ronnie Po-Chia Hsia

A survey of the latest scholarship on Catholic missions between the 16th and 18th centuries, this collection of fourteen essays by historians from eight countries offers not only a global view of the organization, finances, personnel, and history of Catholic missions to the Americas, Africa, and Asia, but also the complex political, cultural, and religious contexts of the missionary fields.
The conquests and colonization of the Americas presented a different stage for the drama of evangelization in contrast to that of Africa and Asia: the inhospitable landscape of Africa, the implacable Islamic societies of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires, and the self-assured regimes of Ming-Qing China, Nguyen dynasty Vietnam, and Tokugawa Japan.

Contributors are Tara Alberts, Mark Z. Christensen, Dominique Deslandres, R. Po-chia Hsia, Aliocha Maldavsky, Anne McGinness, Christoph Nebgen, Adina Ruiu, Alan Strathern, M. Antoni J. Üçerler, Fred Vermote, Guillermo Wilde, Christian Windler, and Ines Zupanov.


Anne McGinness

further study. The concept of Atlantic History is essential for analyzing broader trends in the history of Christianity among Europe and Iberian, French, and Dutch territories. More recently, scholars have included Brazil within the fields of Atlantic history of the early modern Atlantic empires, but more

Johannes Hoornbeeck (1617-1666), On the Conversion of Indians and Heathens

An Annotated Translation of De conversione Indorum et gentilium (1669)


Ineke Loots, Joke Spaans and Johannes Hoornbeeck

Exploration, trade and conquest expanded and upset traditional worldviews of early modern Europeans. Christians saw themselves confronted with a largely heathen world. In the wake of Iberian colonization, Jesuits successfully christianized heathen populations overseas. In his De conversione Indorum et gentilium, Johannes Hoornbeeck presents a systematic overview of every aspect of the missionary imperative from a Reformed Protestant perspective. The most attractive part of his book may be the global survey it offers of the various types of heathens, an early example of comparative religion. Of equal interest, however, is his critical approach to mission. Hoornbeeck rejects ecclesiastical hierarchy and top-down imposition of Christianity. In this he is perfectly orthodox, and at the same time startlingly original and a harbinger of modern missions. His practical recommendations offer a flexible framework for missionaries, to fit a wide variety of circumstances.


Ulrike Strasser


This essay explores the religiously motivated migration of Central European Jesuits to the Spanish Indies against the backdrop of early modern Germany's lack of colonial possession. These migrants played a crucial role in shaping German knowledge about foreign lands during this early stage of globalization. A first section focuses on the motivation, background, and spatial movements of the migrants themselves, stressing the strong allure of the masculine figure of the overseas martyr. The second part of the essay traces the impact of these Jesuit migrations on Germans “back home”, paying particular attention to printed missionary reports that familiarized readers with the colonial world and contributed to a broader, trans-confessional discourse about a distinct German identity in an increasingly connected world.


Barbara Becker-Cantarino


Religion — Christianity — was an important factor in European transatlantic migrations; religion — Islam — is a major issue in the immigration debate in “postsecular” Germany (and Europe) today. Looking at Christianity and Islam, transnational and diachronic considerations reveal the communalities and differences in the effects of religion on migration over time and space, can speak to each other, and take away the notion of uniqueness. In this essay, I selectively summarize recent historical research on migration and religion with regard to the US and Germany. Secondly, I offer a brief overview of religion and migration in the early modern period focusing on transatlantic Christian missions from central Europe (Germanspeaking countries). Finally, I address the debate about the new Muslim migration in contemporary Germany with an eye towards the Turkish German community and to aspects of gender and religion. I argue that the same missionary impulse to spatial conquest and new community building is inherent in both, Christianity and Islam. While the modalities for migration have vastly changed over time, a traditionally Christian Germany has to negotiate now the ideas and interests of Islam’s religious functionaries and the religiosity of transnational Islamic communities.


Edited by Ineke Loots and Joke Spaans

Former Confucian-Buddhist’. Hoornbeeck here suggests that this enabled the Chinese rulers to create something resembling a ‘state religion’, as was common in early modern Europe. 32 Divination was an ancient art in China, for a few examples see Robinson, ‘Divination in Ancient China’ and Cullen


Thomas S. R. O Flynn OP

History of the Use of Dutch in Early Modern Britain , Leiden 2015. 6 This was distinct from the Edinburgh Medical Missionary Society (f.30 Nov. 1841). em , 219–20. Dr John Abercrombie, a leader of the Scottish medical profession, and supporter of the ems Karass Mission, became its first president. R. L

Envoys of a Human God

The Jesuit Mission to Christian Ethiopia, 1557-1632


Andreu Martínez d'Alòs-Moner

In Envoys of A Human God Andreu Martínez offers a comprehensive study of the religious mission led by the Society of Jesus in Christian Ethiopia. The mission to Ethiopia was one of the most challenging undertakings carried out by the Catholic Church in early modern times.
The book examines the period of early Portuguese contacts with the Ethiopian monarchy, the mission’s main developments and its aftermath, with the expulsion of the Jesuit missionaries. The study profits from both an intense reading of the historical record and the fruits of recent archaeological research. Long-held historiographical assumptions are challenged and the importance of cultural and socio-political factors in the attraction and ultimate estrangement between European Catholics and Ethiopian Christians is highlighted.