The ideographic fallacy holds that Chinese characters are “ideographs” (also called ideograms) that express ideas independent of spoken language. The idea originated among early modern Europeans, spread to Japan, and then to China. Sustained by cultural politics east and west, it retains a powerful
PAUL DUNDAS JAIN PERCEPTIONS OF ISLAM IN THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD The vigorous scholarly response to the version of the South Asian past which has been produced in the last decade or so to serve the political purposes of various Hindu nationalist organisations has proved to be one of those
ALLETON Viviane (2008). L'écriture chinoise. Le défi de la modernité. Paris : Albin Michel. 239 p. ISBN 978-2-226-17918-0. (Bibliothèque Idées).
). Ideographia. The Chinese cipher in Early Modern Europe. Stanford : Stanford University Press. RAWSKI Evelyn S. (1979). Education and popular literacy in Ch'ing China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press
Edited by Benjamin A. Elman
Contributors include: Benjamin Elman; Peter Kornicki; John Phan; Wei Shang; Haruo Shirane; Mårten Söderblom Saarela; Daniel Trambaiolo; Atsuko Ueda; Sixiang Wang.
English, Early Modern English, etc., because the English language has been subject to the usual processes of diachronic linguistic change. But since the grammar of Sanskrit was kept artificially constant over millennia, the “history” of post-P an . inian Sanskrit is one of style and genre, rather than
.M. Houben, ‘Cakrap ¯ a ˙ ni-D ¯ asa’s Abhinavacint ¯ ama ˙ ni : early modern or post-classical ¯ Ayur- veda?’, pp. –; $omas J. Zumbroich, ‘$e origin and diﬀusion of betel chewing: a synthesis of evidence from South Asia, Southeast Asia and beyond’, pp. –; Tsutomu Yamashita & P. Ram Manohar
Jan E.M. Houben
Second International Symposia, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 5402, ed. by G. Huet and A. Kulkarni: 266–277. Berlin: Springer Verlag. Houben, Jan E.M. 2008. “Cakrapāṇi-Dāsa’s Abhinavacintāmaṇi: early modern or post-classical Āyurveda?” e-Journal of Indian Medicine , 1 (2007–2008): 63
Herbert H. Paper
dialektisch nachweisbare Abstract-suffix -ist in mrnst 'das Bleiben' ... ' The most recent discussion of these forms is found in the excellent comprehensive grammar of early modern Persian by Gilbert Lazard, La langue des plus anciens monuments de la prose persane (Paris, Librairie C. Klincksieck, 1963).2 The
--150; 'Bibliography of Foreign-language Articles on Japanese Buddhism 1960 to 1987', pp. 151--212. Articles in Japanese: ISHIBASHI Gishfi, 'The Research History and Problems of the Japanese Buddhist Monks -- with emphasis on ancient and middle ages', pp. 13-- 22; SAGAE Natsufumi, 'Social Work in Early Modern Otani
- bourg. 50(4), 2007, 341–367. Dumézil, Georges, La transposition des dieux souverains mineurs en héros dans le Mah¯abh¯arata. 3(1), 1959, 1–16. Dumézil, Georges, La société scythique avait-elle des classes fonctionnelles? 5(3), 1962, 187–202. Dundas, Paul, Jain perceptions of Islam in the Early Modern