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The Tigre Language of Gindaˁ, Eritrea

Short Grammar and Texts


David Elias

In The Tigre Language of Gindaˁ, Eritrea, David L. Elias documents the dialect of the Tigre language that is spoken in the town of Gindaˁ in eastern Eritrea. While the language of Tigre is spoken by perhaps one million people in Eritrea and Sudan, the population of Gindaˁ is fewer than 50,000 people. Elias describes basic aspects of phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicography. In contrast to other dialects of Tigre, of which approximately a dozen have been identified, Tigre of Gindaˁ exhibits the only recorded examples in Tigre of gender-specific first person possessives, e.g. ʕənye ‘my eye’ (masc) vs. ʕənče ‘my eye’ (masc/fem), and a new form of the negative of the verb of existence, yahallanni ‘there is not’. Contact with Arabic and Tigrinya has resulted in numerous loanwords and a few biforms in Tigre of Gindaˁ.

Martin Orwin

. Reese goes on to say: The presence of broad based and highly organized Sufi orders in Muslim East Africa was a fairly recent phenomenon. Sufism was certainly known in the region before that time, but appears to have been the preserve of a few individual ascetics. Its development as a dynamic social

Christopher R. Green and Michelle E. Morrison

edition) . Springfield, VA : Dunwoody. Saeed, John I. 1996. Head-marking and pronominal clitics in Somali. In Richard J. Hayward (ed.) Voice and power: the culture of language in north-east Africa, Essays in honour of B.W. Andrzejewski , 37–49. London: SOAS . Saeed, John I. 1999. Somali . Amsterdam

Steffen Krogh

: Similarities and Differences.” In Language Death. Factual and Theoretical Explorations with Special Reference to East Africa , ed. Matthias Brenzinger . Berlin : Mouton de Gruyter , 59 – 80 . Sasse , Hans-Jürgen . 1992b . “Theory of Language Death.” In Language Death. Factual and