‘tribalization’ of EastAfrican mbeni brass band music in the early to mid-1900s as it filtered from the coastal urban centers into the rural and provincial areas. As will be discussed presently, a similar ‘tribalization’ occurred with Ghanaian brass-band music.
From my own work in Ghana, I have observed the
Pratt , R. Cranford . “ African University and Western Tradition: Some EastAfrican Reflections ,” Journal of Modern African Studies African Studies 3 . 3 ( October 1965 ): 421 – 428 .
Press , Eyal , & Jennifer Washburn . “ The Kept University ,” Atlantic Monthly 285 . 3 ( March