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Abdul Aziz Y. Lodhi

Much has been written on the history of Arabic, Arabs, and Islam in East Africa, their influence on the peoples, languages, and cultures of the region, and the status of Arabic and Islam there (Lodhi 1994a; Lodhi and Westerlund 1994 and 1999). Particular attention has been paid to the impact of

Porter, Karen A.

Islam was introduced to East Africa around 1000 C.E. by Arab and Persian traders, slavers, merchants, and religious teachers, and was spread inland during the nineteenth century by caravan trade. Though Islam is the dominant religion among coastal and island peoples of Zanzibar, Pemba, Lamu, and

Alpers, Edward A. and Bang, Anne K.

East Africa is today an important world region of Islam, with a history reaching back to the earliest centuries of the faith. Although data are both unreliable and disputed, the 2014 edition of the CIA World Factbook indicates that Muslims are said to constitute approximately 11.1 percent of the

Scharrer, Tabea

In East Africa the phenomenon of conversion to Islam is as old as Islam itself. The spread of Islam into the interior of the region, however, was largely a twentieth-century development. The first Muslim Arab traders settled on the East African coast as early as in the middle of the eighth century


AND Introduction A business environment creates opportunities and barriers to entrepreneur- ship and commercial progress. The East African business environment has generally been characterised as hindering, more than facilitating entrepre- neurial endeavours throughout most of the post

Steiner, Martina I.

In much of Muslim East Africa, the patron– client relationship is a socially, politically, and economically informed exchange system between individuals – or groups of individuals – of unequal social status. Powerful patrons control different mechanisms and means of exchange and keep their

Porter, Karen A.

Muslims are important minority populations in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Many East African Muslims are descendants of immigrants from Persia, Yemen, Oman, and Saudi Arabia. In coastal and island communities, complex systems of social ranking developed, with Muslims of Arab and Persian ancestry

Porter, Karen A.

Muslims make up about one-third of the population of Tanzania, one-fifth of the population of Kenya, and one-seventh of the population of Uganda. The majority of East African Muslims live along the coast and on Indian Ocean islands such as Lamu, Pate, Zanzibar, and Pemba, although there are pockets

Mbele, Joseph L.

Islam is widespread in East Africa, especially on the coast and on adjacent islands, where it is the dominant religion. Before the coming of Islam, however, the people of East Africa had their own system of values and beliefs, in which women played prominent roles. The Zaramo of Tanzania, for

Bang, Anne K.

The most influential Alawī clans in East Africa have, according to Alawī genealogy, been the Āl Jamāl al-Layl and the Āl Shaykh Abī Bakr b. Sālim (al-Mashhūr, Shams al-ẓahīra).The ʿAlawī clan has its origin in Ḥaḍramawt, Yemen, but is now spread throughout the rim of the Indian Ocean, accompanying