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Muqarnas, Volume 8

K. A. C. Creswell and His Legacy


Edited by Grabar

Muqarnas: An Annual on the Visual Cultures of the Islamic World is sponsored by The Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

In Muqarnas articles are published on all aspects of Islamic visual culture, historical and contemporary, as well as articles dealing with unpublished textual primary sources.

Finbarr Barry Flood

, and East Africa, and even appeared as far east as Java. 15 While the pattern of constructing imperially sponsored mosques was repeated as the Delhi sultanate expanded its reach southward into the Deccan, at the Qutb itself, the subsequent additions and extensions by Iltutmish and ʿAla⁠ʾ al

Earthen Architecture in Muslim Cultures

Historical and Anthropological Perspectives


Edited by Stéphane Pradines

This edited volume follows the panel “Earth in Islamic Architecture” organised for the World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES) in Ankara, on the 19th of August 2014. Earthen architecture is well-known among archaeologists and anthropologists whose work extends from Central Asia to Spain, including Africa. However, little collective attention has been paid to earthen architecture within Muslim cultures. This book endeavours to share knowledge and methods of different disciplines such as history, anthropology, archaeology and architecture. Its objective is to establish a link between historical and archaeological studies given that Muslim cultures cannot be dissociated from social history.

Contributors: Marinella Arena; Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya; Christian Darles; François-Xavier Fauvelle; Elizabeth Golden; Moritz Kinzel; Rolando Melo da Rosa; Atri Hatef Naiemi; Bertrand Poissonnier; Stéphane Pradines; Paola Raffa and Paul D. Wordsworth.


Annalisa Christie and Anne Haour

most in demand at medieval Kugha, are all compelling illustrations. The general assumption is that East African cowries are of the M. annulus species and that these only reached West Africa relatively late. For instance, in Ghana, York (1972) – a thorough, albeit very brief, Africanist treatment of


Louis Champion and Dorian Fuller

bicolor . Through all time periods the representation of sorghum is similar with an average of 6% in every period. Sorghum did not originate in West Africa but arrived from East Africa. Its origin is still controversial. Genetic studies provide evidence of an African centre of domestication. For a long


Stéphane Pradines

into decay, as is the case in the Egyptian oasis of Kharga. 23 In emerging countries, in the Middle East, Africa and Asia, no attention is given to earthen architecture. Despite a worthy attempt by Hassan Fathy, even Egypt does not protect its earthen architecture, as is the case in many oases like


Anne Haour, Sam Nixon, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Nicolas Nikis and David K. Kay

characteristic of knotted strip roulette impressions is a near-systematic anomaly, resembling a series of figures of eight, which is due to the geometry of the roulette. Although such impressions are amply documented in the East African archaeological record, we are not convinced that these “true” knotted strip


Moritz Kinzel

island of Bahrain. Wood and Palm Fronds In the architecture of the late 18th century various building elements were made from imported timbers and local palm trees. 12 Various wood species are attested which show trade links to East Africa, where most of the so-called danshal is coming from, and to

Anna Contadini

told over the centuries by authors dealing with the unicorn, what is particularly puzzling is that there is no earlier source, as far as I have ascertained, for Urreta’s “naturalistic ” version of it. 42 In any case, it can hardly be fortuitous that the East African—or more precisely Ethiopian