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Edited by Ulrike Freitag and William Clarence-Smith

This volume covers the long neglected history of Hadhramaut (southern Arabia) during the modern colonial era, together with the history of Hadhrami "colonies" in the Malay world, southern India, the Red Sea, and East Africa.
After an introduction placing Hadhramis in the context of other diasporas, there are sections on local and international politics, social stratification and integration, religious and social reform, and economic dynamics. The conclusion brings the story to the present day and outlines a research agenda.
Many aspects of Indian Ocean history are illuminated by this book, notably the role of non-Western merchants in the spread of capitalism, Islamisation and the controversies which raged within Islam, British and Ottoman strategic concerns, social antagonisms in southern Arabia, and the cosmopolitan character of coastal societies.

Makran, Oman and Zanzibar

Three-Terminal Cultural Corridor in the Western Indian Ocean (1799-1856)

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Beatrice Nicolini

Winner of the Society for Arabian Studies Grant in 2003. This study examines a view '‘from outside’ of the three terminals: Makran, Muscat and Zanzibar which is a partial one in the history of the western Indian Ocean. Such themes are, however, essential when viewed against the background of Anglo-French rivalry in the Gulf and Indian Ocean during the first half of the nineteenth century, and are central to numerous debates. The methodological perspective, therefore, whilst concerned with oriental figures and events, is still largely based on sources in western languages precisely because it concentrates on the relations between Saʾ īd bin Sulṭān Āl Bū Saʾ īdī (r. 1806-1856), the Arab-Omani sovereign of Muscat and Zanzibar, and Europe, and on Baluch presence in Oman and in East Africa.

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Edited by Benjamin Soares

This timely collection offers new perspectives on Muslim-Christian encounters in Africa. Working against political and scholarly traditions that keep Muslims and Christians apart, the essays in this multidisciplinary volume locate African Muslims and Christians within a common analytical frame. In a series of historical and ethnographic case studies from across the African continent, the authors consider the multiple ways Muslims and Christians have encountered each other, borrowed or appropriated from one another, and sometimes also clashed. Contributors recast assumptions about the making and transgressing of religious boundaries, Christian-Muslim relations, and conversion. This engaging collection is a long overdue attempt to grapple with the multi-faceted and changing encounters of Muslims and Christians in Africa.

Women, Leadership, and Mosques

Changes in Contemporary Islamic Authority

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Edited by Masooda Bano and Hilary E. Kalmbach

The acceptance of female leadership in mosques and madrassas is a significant change from much historical practice, signalling the mainstream acceptance of some form of female Islamic authority in many places. This volume investigates the diverse range of female religious leadership present in contemporary Muslim communities in South, East and Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, and North America, with chapters discussing its emergence, the limitations placed upon it, and its wider impact, as well as the physical and virtual spaces used by women to establish and consolidate their authority. It will be invaluable as a reference text, as it is the first to bring together analysis of female Islamic leadership in geographically and ideologically-diverse Muslim communities worldwide.

Virginie Prevost

The Ibadis in the Region of the Indian Ocean. Section One : East Africa , Hildesheim-Zürich-New York, Georg Olms Verlag (« Studies on Ibadism and Oman », 1), 2013, 446 p., isbn : 978-3-487-14801-4, 68 € relié. Le livre de Heinz Gaube, consacré à la côte swahilie, se veut une compilation

Knut Graw

Literatur/Book Reviews / Die Welt des Islams 49 (2009) 122-161 137 The Global Worlds of the Swahili: Interfaces of Islam, Identity and Space in 19 th and 20 th - Century East Africa . By Roman Loimeier & Rüdiger Seesemann (eds.). Berlin: Lit 2006 (Beiträge zur Afrikaforschung Vol. 26). x + 409

, i-g. Wir hoffen, dass der ausgezcichnete Kenner des Athiopischen und Arabischen uns noch weitere Werke dieser Art schenken wird. Otto Spies (Bonn) Otto Spies (Bonn) LITERATUR G. S. P. Freeman-Grenville: The East African Coast. Select Documents from the first to the earlier nineteenth century

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Anne K. Bang

In the period c. 1880-1940, organized Sufism spread rapidly in the western Indian Ocean. New communities turned to Islam, and Muslim communities turned to new texts, practices and religious leaders. On the East African coast, the orders were both a vehicle for conversion to Islam and for reform of Islamic practice. The impact of Sufism on local communities is here traced geographically as a ripple reaching beyond the Swahili cultural zone southwards to Mozambique, Madagascar and Cape Town. Through an investigation of the texts, ritual practices and scholarly networks that went alongside Sufi expansion, this book places religious change in the western Indian Ocean within the wider framework of Islamic reform.