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Yonah Alexander and Michael Swetnam

The al-Qaida informal and loose international network in over 50 countries has been responsible for spectacular terrorist operations such as the 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York, the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia, the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in East Africa, and is apparently linked to the attack of the destroyer USS Cole in Aden, Yemen, in 2000 and the September 11th, 2001 events in New York City and Washington,DC.
The purpose of this book is not to glorify bin Laden and al-Qaida. Rather, it is designed to provide an easily accessible reference for academics, policymakers, reporters and other interested individuals on one of the most notorious terrorist groups. The volume exposes much of al-Qaida's mystique and thereby places it in perspective as one of the many challenges facing the international community in the 21st Century.


Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Series:

Edited by Abdulqawi A. Yusuf

The African Yearbook of International Law provides an intellectual forum for the systematic analysis and scientific dissection of issues of international law as they apply to Africa, as well as Africa's contribution to the progressive development of international law. It contributes to the promotion, acceptance of and respect for the principles of international law, as well as to the encouragement of the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciations of international law in Africa. A clear articulation of Africa's views on the various aspects of international law based on the present realities of the continent as well as on Africa's civilization, culture, philosophy and history will undoubtedly contribute to a better understanding among nations.
The African Yearbook of International Law plays an important role in examining the tensions underlying the State in Africa, and by shedding more light on the causes of the fragility of African State institutions so as to facilitate the identification of appropriate remedies. The tension and interrelationships among issues such as territorial integrity, self determination, ethnic diversity and nation-building are constantly addressed. Development, human rights and democratization in Africa are also the subject of continuous attention and examination.
The Special Theme of this volume is Regional Economic Integration in Africa II.

Wilbert T.K. Kaabwa

INTRODUCTION The East African Co-operation is an inter-governmental arrangement established to steer the newly rekindled spirit of co-operation between the republics of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The three East African countries cover an area of 1.8 million square kilometres and bring together a

PREAMBLE WHEREAS the Republic of Uganda, the Republic of Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania have enjoyed close historical, commercial, industrial, cultural and other ties for many years; AND WHEREAS formal economic and social integration in the East African Region commenced with, among

Wilbert T.K. Kaabwa

I. INTRODUCTION The signing of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community in Arusha, Tanzania on November 30�, 1999 was a culmination of six years of committed efforts by the East African Co-operation Member States of Kenya, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania in re

Series:

Edited by Abdulqawi A. Yusuf

The African Yearbook of International Law offers systematic analyses and scientific dissection of international law issues as they apply to Africa and Africa's contribution to the progressive development of international law. It contributes to the promotion and acceptance of and respect for the principles of international law, and encourages the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciations of international law in Africa.
Each volume of the African Yearbook of International Law contains: - general articles; - articles that center on a special theme; - notes and commentaries; - book reviews; - basic documents; and - a comprehensive index. The African Yearbook of International Law addresses the tension and interrelationships among issues such as territorial integrity, self determination, ethnic diversity, and nation-building. Development, human rights, and democratization in Africa also receive thorough attention and examination.
The African Yearbook of International Law sheds light on the causes of the fragility of African State institutions so as to facilitate the identification of appropriate remedies.
The Special Theme of this volume is Civil Conflicts in Africa (Part II)/ Les conflits internes en Afrique (2ème Partie).

Roland Adjovi

African States (), Banque de Développement des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (BDEAC) (http:// 195.154.73.149/izf/FicheIdentite/BEAC.htm) Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), Banque de Développement de l'Afrique Australe (http://www.dbsa.org) East African Community (EAC), Communauté de l'Afrique de l

Katrien Beeckman

", Prospects 28 (1998), pp. 619, 626. 9 Opening address to a seminar on Mass Media and Linguistic Communications in East Africa in 1967, referred to by A.J. Langley, Ideologies of Liberation in Black Africa. 1856-1970, 1979, pp. 385-391. lo Ch u ng (footnote 7 above), p. 206. Akinnaso (footnote 1 above), p

Fatsah Ouguergouz

représentation was taken into account. It should be noted that the African Charter does not provide for geographical representation. Indeed, the current composition of the Commission is not regionally balanced (East Africa - nil; Southern Africa - one; Central Africa - two; North Africa - three ; West Africa

Frans Viljoen

they still exist) close links with colonialism (or its aftermath). The East African Community is an example of an organisation that is now defunct. Examples of defunct insti- tutions are the Court of Appeal of East Africa, the West African Court of Appeal and the Rhodesia and Nyassaland Court of Appeal