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Huß, Werner (Bamberg)

[German version] (Κυρηναία; Kyrēnaía, Lat. Cyrenae). North-east African coastal region of the Cyrenaea (mod. Cyrenaica) with western border at  Arae [2] Philaenorum/Φιλαίνων Βωμοί (mod. Ras el-Aáli) [1. 73f., 469] and its eastern one near  Catabathmus megas (mod. Solum); cf. Str. 17,3,22 [2. 509f

Brentjes, Burchard (Berlin)

north Eurasia; 2. those breeding sheep, goats, and camels, sometimes also keeping donkeys, in Arabia, Iran, India, and North Africa; 3. nomads breeding mainly cattle in East Africa. Greeks, Romans, and...

Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg)

[German version] King of Tyre ( Tyrus) (c. 962-929 BC). The name is shortened from the Phoenician Aḥīram (‘my brother is exalted’); known primarily for the trading expeditions sent as ‘joint ventures’ with King Solomon of Jerusalem to Ophir (India? East Africa? 1 Kg 9:26-28) and Tarsish (in the

Brentjes, Burchard (Berlin)

". The appearance of this seaweed points to a shallow zone probably close to a coastline, which could have been near the East African coast north of Zanzibar. From the Augustinian era on, Greco-Roman s...

Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)

[German version] (Νότου κέρας; Nótou kéras). Modern Ras Guardafui or Ras el-Kheil in East Africa [2]. Artemidorus [3] (1st half of the 1st cent. BC) followed geographical knowledge of the time when he called the eastern point of Africa ‘the horn of the south’, that is the southern end of the known


Mick Wright

This résumé study deals with building material, which together with construction and structures, forms one of the three aspects of building, or equally one of the three factors which constitute the nature of a building. Unlike existing manuals on ancient building, this offers an analytic presentation and the subject matter extends across all ages and regions. The treatment of materials is set out according to a paradigm of nature, manufacture and use, so as to facilitate direct comparison between different modes of the one material, as also between different materials and between different building traditions. This second part is published in two volumes, the first containing texts, the second more than 300 illustrations.



Building construction is the subject of this third part of the Ancient Building Technology set (TCH 4 and TCH 7 dealing with the history of building and building materials). Beginning with the formulation of a project (drawings, specifications and estimates of quantities) it goes on to discuss preliminary site surveying and setting out, followed by building site development and its attendant installations, and then examines the disposition of the various building materials (wood, stone, brick, and concrete) in building construction from pre-history to the end of antiquity.
The work is intended as a ready reference compendium of information which otherwise would require extended research to come by. It should be of service to all students of antiquity, and a particular convenience to have on hand during archaeological field work. This volume is published in two parts, the first containing the discussion and the second more than 400 illustrations, completing the discussion.

Feldman, Louis H.

the son of Ham. See Ant. 1.135. The name also appears as a descendant of Abraham and Keturah (Gen. 25:3, 1 Chr. 1:32, Ant. 1.238). It is also a place name in East Africa, identified with Meroe, but to be distinguished from Sheba.40Hebrew ‮אופר‬‎ (Gen. 10:29, 1 Chr. 1:23), LXX Οὐφίρ, Josephus Ὀφίρης

Timothy P. Newfield

penetrated human settlements and their rodent populations. Keys proposed settlements in coastal East Africa, possibly in Tanzania and on Zanzibar, were afflicted first, before Y. pestis , in fleas, black rats and people, made its way up the Red Sea, with ivory, to Egypt. 88 1.2 Before and after it

On Post-Hellenistic Influence in South-East Asia

Based on New Materials Recently Found in Southern Thailand and around Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia

Sergey Lapteff

-shaped microbeads (up to 6 mm) spread in the named region. 12 The place of their possible origin could be the Hindustan Peninsula, and from there Indo-Pacific beads spread to a broad area, being found from East Africa to Korea and Japan. Certainly, as the products of Greco-Roman type, Indo-Pacific beads should be