As the tensions involving religion and society increase, the
European Court of Human Rights and the Freedom of Religion or Belief is the first systematic analysis of the first twenty-five years of the European Court's religion jurisprudence. The Court is one of the most significant institutions confronting the interactions among states, religious groups, minorities, and dissenters. In the 25 years since its first religion case,
Kokkinakis v. Greece, the Court has inserted itself squarely into the international human rights debate regarding the freedom of religion or belief. The authors demonstrate the positive contributions and the significant flaws of the Court's jurisprudence involving religion, society, and secularism.
expectations and demands stemming from their beliefs or their community, the other dictated by courts, such as the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights (ECtHR), and by domestic law.
Women are told both to veil and not to veil, and their access to the public sphere is monitored, if not restricted. As a result
14, respectively, enshrine their right to freedom of religion and freedom from discrimination in the enjoyment of all rights. 11 A number of recent trends in the jurisprudence of the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights (ECtHR) suggest that this strategy might come to bear fruit. Regarding Article 14, the
through the law and religion jurisprudence of the us Supreme Court and the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights, which together offer a window into the shaping of the post-Christian West. This article proceeds by investigating three different areas of law: religion-state relations, individual religious freedom
the rights and freedoms of others. The treaty established the possibility of application to the European Commission and EuropeanCourtofHumanRights (ECtHR) directly by individuals whose freedom was allegedly restricted, and a system of case-law developed that interpreted the freedom of religion and
Paris ”, Political Geography 69 : 1 - 9 . doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2018.11.007.
Hillebrecht , C. 2012 . ‘ Implementing International Human Rights Law at Home: Domestic Politics and the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights ”, Human Rights Review 13 : 279 - 301 .
Hussain , D. 2012 . “ Social
to the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights stated that the domestic law in the UK , the Equality Act 2010, had failed to protect their right to manifest their religious beliefs in relation to wearing crosses in the workplace (Eweida and Chaplin) and refused to provide services to same-sex couples (Ladele
.), Encyclopedia of Religion , vol. 2 ., 2 nd ed. ( Farmington Hills, Mich. : Thomson Gale , 2005 ), 968 – 971 .
Leigh Ian , “ Damned if They Do, Damned if They Don’t: The EuropeanCourtofHumanRights and the Protection of Religion from Attack ,” Res Publica 17 ( 2011 ), 55 – 73 .
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2015 . http://www.economist.com/blogs/erasmus/2015/09/migrants-christianity-and-europe (accessed 9 December 2015).
EuropeanCourtofHumanRights Grand Chamber .
Case of Lautsi and Others v Italy
Judgement ( 2011 ). http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001
. Most of the signatory states have also integrated the legal norms of the ECHR into their own national law. Unlike the universal human rights, one can have recourse to the EuropeanCourtofHumanRights in order to ensure the enforcement of the human rights which are formulated in this Convention. All