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Kees Bastmeijer

Directive 9 and the Habitats Directive 10 – the Natura 2000 regime – and its implementation. Due to this focus, and because most experiences with Natura 2000 relate to the terrestrial environment, the discussion in this chapter will pay less attention to the marine environment, compared to other chapters


Jill Wakefield

adopted in order to protect wildlife and habitats. The Birds Directive requires member states to establish Special Protection Areas, and the Habitats Directive requires Special Areas of Conservation for other species and habitats. 84 Neither the special areas of conservation for endangered species, flora


Niko Soininen and Froukje Maria Platjouw

, this is visible in: 1) demarcating the regulatory line between the WFD and the MSFD regarding coastal waters; 130 2) the role of nature conservation established under the Habitats Directive 131 and the Birds Directive 132 for achieving the GES ; 133 3) a requirement to consider the effects of


David Langlet and Rosemary Rayfuse

the ecosystem approach in marine planning by examining the protection regime set up by the EU Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive – known as Natura 2000 – and its implementation. The Natura 2000 regime applies to both terrestrial and marine ecosystems, although as Bastmeijer notes


Eva Schachtner

Conservation of 2006. 188 Natura 2000 sites have rather only been listed for information. This approach is justified in the spatial plans as follows: ‘European bird sanctuaries and areas listed under the Habitats Directive in the EEZ enjoy comprehensive protection under nature conservation law. Since these