This article provides an overview of the recent political and legal events surrounding the protection of Lithuania’s Polish national minority in the context of Lithuanian–Polish bilateral relations, focusing particularly on what has occurred since the so-called golden age of relations between the two countries. This article aims to present up-to-date information on the current stage of dialogue on the issue of national minorities in Lithuania and on the actual protection of the Polish minority in this country. After the expiration of the Law on national minorities in Lithuania in 2010, the primary bones of contention between the two countries have been the use of the language of minorities in communication with local authorities and in bilingual topographical signs, the use of names and surnames in a minority language, rights related to the education of national minorities, and rights related to political participation of national minorities.
to the content of internationally prescribed minority rights’. See also CDL - AD (2003)013, Opinion on the Draft Law on Amendments to the LawonNationalMinoritiesinLithuania, ad §§ 5-6; CDL - AD (2004)013, Opinion on Two Draft Laws amending the Law on National Minorities in Ukraine, ad §§ 16