Reconciling Indo-European Syllabification, Adam Cooper brings together two seemingly disparate phenomena associated with Indo-European syllable structure: the heterosyllabic treatment of medial consonant clusters, which tolerates CVC syllables, and the right-hand vocalization of sonorants, which ostensibly avoids them. Operating from a perspective that is simultaneously empirical, theoretical, and historical in nature, he establishes their compatibility by crafting a formal analysis that integrates them into a single picture of the reconstructed system.
More generally, drawing on evidence from Vedic, Greek, and Proto-Indo-European itself, Cooper demonstrates the continued relevance of the ancient Indo-European languages to contemporary linguistic theory, and, moreover, reaffirms the value of the syllable as a unit of phonology, necessary for these languages’ formal representation.
and Middle English, van Kemenade and Mili´cev argue that the topic domain in Old English became a subject domain in Middle English. Brady Clark works within the framework of Stochastic OptimalityTheory. His paper analyzes the syntax of subjects in early English as gradual constraint reranking
contrast. In Joan Bybee and Paul J. Hopper (eds.), Frequency Eﬀects and the Emergence of Linguistic Structure , 137–158. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Piggott, Glyne L. 1980. Aspects of Odawa Morphophonemics . New York: Garland Publishing. Prince, Alan and Paul Smolensky. 2004. OptimalityTheory . Oxford
OptimalityTheory (OT) (Prince and Smolensky 1991, 1993), like most generative approaches to language, was very soon used to analyze less‘typical‘ phonological (and not only phonological) phenomena. Ancient Greek was among the first languages examined under OT. During this immediate examination of
From a synchronic point of view, the various accentuation systems found in the Baltic and Slavic languages differ considerably from each other. We find languages with free accent and languages with fixed accent, languages with and without syllabic tones, and languages with and without a distinction between short and long vowels. Yet despite the apparent diversity in the attested Baltic and Slavic languages, the sources from which these languages have developed – the reconstructed languages referred to as Proto-Baltic and Proto-Slavic respectively – seem to have had very similar accentuation systems.
The prehistory and development of the Baltic and Slavic accentuation systems is the main topic of this book, which contains sixteen articles on Baltic and Slavic accentology written by some of the world’s leading specialists in this field.
logistic regression for binary variables. The variable constraints were attached to the various features of categorical rules. The “variable rules” so formed never developed a life of their own, though in more recent years, quantitative constraints have been integrated into varieties of OptimalityTheory
Research Encyclopedia . DOI : 10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.40.
Smolensky , Paul and Alan Prince . 1993 . OptimalityTheory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar . New Brunswick : Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science Technical Report 2 .
Szemerényi , Oswald J. L
, Charles F. 1968 . The State of the Art . The Hague : Mouton .
Hoffmann , Thomas and Graeme Trousdale (eds.). 2013 . The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar . Oxford : Oxford University Press .
Holt , D. Eric . 2015 . Historical Sound Change in OptimalityTheory: Achievements
“Verb Movement Variation in Germanic and OptimalityTheory.”
Habilitation Thesis, University of Tübingen
“Left and Right Dislocations: Discourse Functions and Anaphora”