The question of the Reformation’s influence on academic medicine is a controversial one that has been widely debated and investigated in recent decades. With particular reference to Germany, many scholars have asked in which contexts and to what extent there was a correlation between the
The Case of the University of Padua
espectáculo y motivo de oración, ver aquellas armas tan frágiles con que pelearon tan sin fragilidad, animosamente. Volaron al cielo, aumentando allá los intercesores, e hicieron dichosa mi casa con tan ricos despojos. – Luisa de Carvajal, April 1611 1 In the period of the Long Reformation, that
CANNIBALISM AND CONTAGION: FRAMING SYPHILIS IN COUNTER-REFORMATION ITALY* WILLIAM EAMON Department of History New Mexico State University Few events are more terrifying or more demoralizing than the sudden and unexpected appearance of new diseases. As the panic following the outbreak of the
The Hellenist Isaac Casaubon taught at Geneva’s Academy from 1582 to 1596. Invited to Montpellier’s University as the future restorer of Greek studies, after the tormented years of the French civil wars, he moved to the Midi of France. A few weeks later, Casaubon started to keep a diary. The psychological reasons of this decision and the nature of his journal are examined. Started as a sort of log-book, it is argued that its deep roots are to be sought in the difficulty to adapt himself to an environment so utterly contrasting with reformed Geneva, lacking sound and comfortable “religious safeguards”, and in the sudden solitude in which he fell, deprived as he was of the contact with his coreligionist colleagues and friends. Casaubon, Rousseau, Amiel, three authors deeply stamped by Reformation: it cannot be due to sheer coincidence if they all started very personal autobiographical writings, eventually worded as journal intime. The root of Capitalism and of Punctuality has been shown to be the Genevan Reformation, the author argues that the genre of the journal intime too developed under the new psychological relationship of persons to themselves which grew out of the unprecedented religious and moral context.
Edited by Ole P. Grell
The first section of this book deals with the historiography surrounding Paracelsus and Paracelsianism and points to the need of reclaiming the man and his ideas in their proper historical context. A further two sections are concerned with the different religious, social and political implications of Paracelsianism and its medical and natural philosophical significance respectively.
Urs Leu, Raffael Keller and Sandra Weidmann
Body, Surroundings and Borders in Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Edited by Patricia A. Baker, Han Nijdam and Karine van 't Land
Contributors are Helen King, Michael McVaugh, Maithe Hulskamp, Glenda McDonald, Roberto Lo Presti, Fabiola van Dam, Catrien Santing, Ralph Rosen, and Irina Metzler.
Joseph S. Freedman
"PROFESSIONALIZATION" AND "CONFESSIONALIZATION": THE PLACE OF PHYSICS, PHILOSOPHY, AND ARTS INSTRUCTION AT CENTRAL EUROPEAN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS DURING THE REFORMATION ERA* JOSEPH S. FREEDMAN Alabama State University (Montgomery, Alabama) During the sixteenth and the early seventeenth
well. As Adriano Prosperi explained, the very process of distinguishing true from false or feigned sanctity is a testament to a fundamental shift in the conception of truth in post-Reformation Catholic culture. Whereas before Luther (and before Baronio) to judge the truth of sanctity meant to discover