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Radical Reformation and Medicine in the Late Renaissance

The Case of the University of Padua

Riccarda Suitner

The question of the Reformation’s influence on academic medicine is a controversial one that has been widely debated and investigated in recent decades. With particular reference to Germany, many scholars have asked in which contexts and to what extent there was a correlation between the

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Jaska Kainulainen

This book is an intellectual biography of the Venetian historian and theologian Paolo Sarpi (1552-1623). It analyses Sarpi's natural philosophy, religious ideas and political thought. Kainulainen argues that Sarpi was influenced by Neostoicism, Neoepicureanism and the sixteenth-century scientific revolution; that Sarpi was a fideist and Christian mortalist who, while critical of the contemporary Church of Rome, admired the purity of the early church. Focusing on Sarpi’s separation between church and state, his use of absolutism, divine right of kings and reason of state, the book offers a fresh perspective on medieval and reformation traditions. It will be of interest to those interested in early-modern intellectual history and the interplay between science, religion and politics in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century political discourse.

Glyn Redworth

espectáculo y motivo de oración, ver aquellas armas tan frágiles con que pelearon tan sin fragilidad, animosamente. Volaron al cielo, aumentando allá los intercesores, e hicieron dichosa mi casa con tan ricos despojos. – Luisa de Carvajal, April 1611 1 In the period of the Long Reformation, that

William Eamon

CANNIBALISM AND CONTAGION: FRAMING SYPHILIS IN COUNTER-REFORMATION ITALY* WILLIAM EAMON Department of History New Mexico State University Few events are more terrifying or more demoralizing than the sudden and unexpected appearance of new diseases. As the panic following the outbreak of the

Matteo Campagnolo

The Hellenist Isaac Casaubon taught at Geneva’s Academy from 1582 to 1596. Invited to Montpellier’s University as the future restorer of Greek studies, after the tormented years of the French civil wars, he moved to the Midi of France. A few weeks later, Casaubon started to keep a diary. The psychological reasons of this decision and the nature of his journal are examined. Started as a sort of log-book, it is argued that its deep roots are to be sought in the difficulty to adapt himself to an environment so utterly contrasting with reformed Geneva, lacking sound and comfortable “religious safeguards”, and in the sudden solitude in which he fell, deprived as he was of the contact with his coreligionist colleagues and friends. Casaubon, Rousseau, Amiel, three authors deeply stamped by Reformation: it cannot be due to sheer coincidence if they all started very personal autobiographical writings, eventually worded as journal intime. The root of Capitalism and of Punctuality has been shown to be the Genevan Reformation, the author argues that the genre of the journal intime too developed under the new psychological relationship of persons to themselves which grew out of the unprecedented religious and moral context.

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Edited by Ole P. Grell

Despite his fame Paracelsus remains an illusive character. As this volume points out it is somewhat of a paradox that the fascination with Paracelsus and his ideas has remained so widespread when it is born in mind that it is far from clear what exactly he contributed to medicine and natural philosophy. But perhaps it is exactly this enigma which through the ages has made Paracelsus so attractive to such a variety of people who all want to claim him as an advocate for their particular ideas.
The first section of this book deals with the historiography surrounding Paracelsus and Paracelsianism and points to the need of reclaiming the man and his ideas in their proper historical context. A further two sections are concerned with the different religious, social and political implications of Paracelsianism and its medical and natural philosophical significance respectively.

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Urs Leu, Raffael Keller and Sandra Weidmann

The Swiss physician and polymath Conrad Gessner (1516-1565) was one of the most prominent scientists of the early modern period and wrote numerous important works. During the last two decades were discovered nearly 400 titles from his private library. They give an interesting insight into his interests and his sources. The present book contains not only an introduction and a catalogue of these books, but also inventories of the lost works as well as the still extant and lost manuscripts possessed by Gessner. They open the door to Gessner's study and to the intellectual world of a fascinating Renaissance scholar.

Medicine and Space

Body, Surroundings and Borders in Antiquity and the Middle Ages

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Edited by Patricia A. Baker, Han Nijdam and Karine van 't Land

This volume contributes to medical history in Antiquity and the Middle Ages by significantly widening our understandings of health and treatment through the theme of space . The fundamental question about how space was conceived by different groups of people in these periods has been used to demonstrate the multi-variant understandings of the body and its functions, illness and treatment, and the surrounding natural and built environments in relation to health. The subject is approached from a variety of source materials: medical, philosophical and religious literature, archaeological remains and artistic reproductions. By taking a multi-disciplinary approach to the subject the volume offers new interpretations and methodologies to medical history in the periods in question.
Contributors are Helen King, Michael McVaugh, Maithe Hulskamp, Glenda McDonald, Roberto Lo Presti, Fabiola van Dam, Catrien Santing, Ralph Rosen, and Irina Metzler.

Joseph S. Freedman

"PROFESSIONALIZATION" AND "CONFESSIONALIZATION": THE PLACE OF PHYSICS, PHILOSOPHY, AND ARTS INSTRUCTION AT CENTRAL EUROPEAN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS DURING THE REFORMATION ERA* JOSEPH S. FREEDMAN Alabama State University (Montgomery, Alabama) During the sixteenth and the early seventeenth

Stefania Tutino

well. As Adriano Prosperi explained, the very process of distinguishing true from false or feigned sanctity is a testament to a fundamental shift in the conception of truth in post-Reformation Catholic culture. Whereas before Luther (and before Baronio) to judge the truth of sanctity meant to discover