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Giovanni Bonacina

In The Wahhabis seen through European Eyes (1772-1830) Giovanni Bonacina offers an account of the early reactions in Europe to the rise of the Wahhabi movement in Arabia. Commonly pictured nowadays as a form of Muslim fundamentalism, the Wahhabis appeared to many European witnesses as the creators of a deistic revolution with serious political consequences for the Ottoman ancien regime. They were seen either in the light of contemporary events in France, or as Islamic theological reformers in the mould of Calvin, opposing an established church and devotional traditions. These audacious but fascinating attempts to interpret the unknown by way of the better known are illustrated in Bonacina’s book.

Six Centuries of Criminal Law

History of Criminal Law in the Southern Netherlands and Belgium (1400-2000)

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Jos Monballyu

The first overview of the history of criminal law in the area that is currently within the territory of Belgium. Jos Monballyu treats both the sources of criminal law, the different judicial bodies that dealt with criminal issues, the general characteristics of the offences, the manifestations of the offences, the different punishments and their functions, the administration of criminal justice and, finally, some offences and their punishments in particular, namely suicide, witchcraft and press offences. All of these subjects are treated in such a manner that they can immediately be compared with the contents of similar standard works concerning the history of criminal justice in other countries.

Terje Emberland

Circle. Prior to this, the tone had been one of millenarian optimism: inspired by the German example, the racial awakening of the Norwegian people had been seen as imminent. This would inevitably lead to a religious reformation, where the majority of population world cast off the yoke of Christianity

Intellectual Fascism

Per Engdahl and the Formation of ‘New-Swedish Socialism’

Lena Berggren

interwar Sweden, see further Lena Berggren, ‘Completing the Lutheran Reformation: Ultra-nationalism, Christianity and the Possibility of “Clerical Fascism” in Interwar Sweden,’ in Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe , ed. Matthew Feldman, Marius Turda and Tudor Georgescu (Abingdon & New York: Routledge

Maria Sophia Quine

Corrado Gini, the world famous demographer and statistician, and the secretaryship of Cesare Artom (1879-1934), a celebrated zoologist and professor of comparative anatomy. The reformation reflected the desire to detach Italian eugenics from Nicoluccian-Mantegazzan-Sergian racial anthropology, its

Jesuit Survival and Restoration

A Global History, 1773-1900

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Edited by Robert Aleksander Maryks and Jonathan Wright

In Jesuit Survival and Restoration leading scholars from around the world discuss the most dramatic event in the Society of Jesus's history. The order was suppressed by papal command in 1773 and for the next forty-one years ex-Jesuits endeavoured to keep the Ignatian spirit alive and worked towards the order's restoration. When this goal was achieved in 1814 the Society entered one of its most dynamic but troubled eras. The contributions in the volume trace this story in a global perspective, looking at developments in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

Isaiah Gruber

Latin texts with vernacular translations was not an outgrowth as much as a cause of the Reformation.” Gordon Thomasson, “Languages, Vernacular,” Renaissance and Reformation , ed. James Patrick (New York: Cavendish, 2007), 698. For a dissenting view, see John Yamamoto-Wilson, “Latin, English and the