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Khodadad Rezakhani and Michael G. Morony

effective Sasanian rule. For the earlier period, before 500 ce , our most useful set of evidence come from the Babylonian Talmud or the Bavli , 6 consisting essentially of information regarding the legal basis of ownership and tenure and agriculture among a particular segment of the population, i

David M. Goodblatt

THE POLL TAX IN SASANIAN BABYLONIA THE TALMUDIC EVIDENCE BY DAVID M. GOODBLATT (University of Haifa) 1. Introduction Detailed knowledge of Sasanian taxation derives primarily from Tabari's account of the tax reforms of Khusro I -Anoshirvan ( j 3 1 - j 79 ) 1). Regarding the period before Khusro

Moshe Gil

extensive than can be documented under previous regimes. Taxation, as described in talmudic sources, pressed heavily on the cultivators. Usury, a mat- ter contrary to sacrosanct ancient prescriptions, was burdening the agrarian population by stratagems and cover-ups. Expropriation became frequent and there

Daniel Sperber

-farmers that foods are terumab (priestly dues), or that they belong to a non-Jew, or to the government, but not that they belong to a Jew. The Palestinian Talmud 3) cites this Tosefta, adding to it explanatory remarks as follows: One may (to rescue goods from tax-farmers, etc.) say that goods belonged to non

Daniel Sperber

, See also S. Krauss, Kadmoniot ha- Talmud, 2/1, pp. 222-2 3, L. Lewysohn in his Die Zoologie des Talmuds (Leipzig, pp. 273-74, attempted an identification, but his argument is inconclusive. 121 the use of the term al-zahana). This commodity was packed in baskets and brought from Egypt, and

Daniel Sperber

(= Palestinian) Talmud T. Tosephta d. denarius B. Babylonian Talmud dr. drachma Papyrological sources are cited in their standard abbreviations. An almost com- plete list of these abbreviations are to be found in An Economic Survey of Ancient vol 2, (A. C. Johnson's Roman Egypt, Baltimore, 1936), Bibliography

Mark R. Cohen

title of distinction, granted in his case by the Palestinian yeshiva: “Choice One of the Yeshiva” ( beḥir ha-yeshiva ). This title appears in the power of attorney. In Fustat, Judah studied halakha (rabbinic law) with the Talmudic scholar Judah ha-Kohen ha-Rav b. Joseph. Like other rabbinically learned

Daniel Sperber

pattern. Likewise, the ' change from money taxation to taxation in kind reflects the same trend. See partic- ularly Lev. Rab. I j .9 ed. Margulies, p. 338 8 (R. Aba b. Kahana) uun T7a. See G. Allon, Toldot ba-Yehudim be-Erett Yisrael be-Tekufat ha-Mishna ve-ha-Talmud (Israel 1955) vol. 2, p. 1 8 2 et seq

Daniel Sperber

TRENDS IN THIRD CENTURY PALESTINIAN AGRICULTURE * BY DANIEL SPERBER ABBREVIATIONS Albeck (Ch.) =Introdartion to the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi,Tel-Aviv 1969 (Hebrew). Allon (G.), Toldot (ha-Yehudim be-Eretz Yisrael bi-Tekufat ba-Misbna ve-ba-Talmud), vol. 2, Tel-Aviv 1955. ARN = Avot de R

Stephanie Dalley

again the topic in Tuviah Kwasman’s study of the demon of the roof. Using two recently published texts from the Cairo Genizah he clari- fi es a term used in the Babylonian Talmud, associating it also with stroke paralysis. He examines four terms: “sons of the roof ”, “vessel demons”, “constellation