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Jacob Neusner

This book shows that the disputes that characterize Rabbinic writings in the formative age underscore the coherence of Rabbinic Judaism. It is in three separate monographs. The first shows that disagreements concern secondary and tertiary issues. They therefore reinforce the primary norm by identifying as moot only trivial details. The second demonstrates, alternatively, that Halakhic disputes articulate unresolved conflict over generative principles. Sometimes, in the presentation of topics of the law, disputes not only indicate the range of consensus but bring to expression conflicting alternatives, theories that claim equal validity but contradict one another. Third, in some presentations of the law and in all presentations of theology where disputes occur, disputes simply gloss details in the application of accepted principles. They form a part of the exercise of legal or theological exegesis, filling in gaps with alternative facts.

Willem Smelik

Babylonian Talmud. 7 Similarly, I attempted to trace the textual function of cited translations in rabbinic literature within their current rabbinic co-text, their textual embedding as well as text-critical stability. While this latter study is organised by sources and introductory markers, 8 the present

The Idea of Biblical Interpretation

Essays in Honor of James L. Kugel

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Edited by Hindy Najman and Judith Newman

The essays in this Festschrift honor James L. Kugel for his contribution to the field of biblical studies, in particular early biblical interpretation. The essays are organized in three roughly chronological categories. The first group treats some part of the Tanakh, ranging from the creation and Abraham stories of Genesis to the evolving conception of sacred writing in the prophetic literature. The second set of essays focuses chiefly on the literature of Second Temple Judaism, including Qumran and extra-biblical literature. The last group concerns the scriptural imagination at work in rabbinic literature, in Milton's Paradise Lost, in the anti-semitic work of Gerhard Kittel, up to the present in a treatment of Levinas and the Talmud.

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Edited by Ranon Katzoff and David Schaps

The discovery in the Judaean desert between 1951 and 1961 of documentary papyri from the period of the Bar-Kochba Revolt in the early second century opened for the first time a window on the lives of Jewish lay people on the periphery of Judaea in a critical period of history. By the year 2000 these texts were published in full. Of particular interest was the light they shed on the interplay of Jewish, Greek and Roman law in the Roman provinces of Judaea and Arabia. In the current volume leading scholars from Europe, America and Israel debate the major questions raised by these texts and offer new insights into the material and its implications.

The New Damascus Document

The Midrash on the Eschatological Torah of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Reconstruction, Translation and Commentary

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Ben Zion Wacholder

This volume examines twelve ancient and medieval manuscripts, ten from the caves at Qumran and the two so called Damascus Documents from the Cairo Geniza, presenting a new organization and understanding of these texts. The twelve manuscripts are in a composite form under the title Midrash haTorah haAcharon (MTA), the Midrash of the Eschatological Torah, a title which opens a new window into the understanding of the Jewish literary tradition during the period of the Second Temple, prior to the development of the Talmud and Christianity. Following the composite Hebrew text are a full translation, notes and commentary elucidating the MTA in light of the new evidence provided by these texts and retranslation.

Yochanan Breuer

] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Michael Sokolo ff , A Dictionary of Jewish Babylonian Aramaic of the Talmudic and Geonic Periods [ Jan-Wim Wesselius ] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 2006080. AS. Proef 3. 4-9-2007:12.18, page -2. © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 DOI: 10.1163/147783507X231912 2006080. AS. Proef 3

Avigail Manekin Bamberger

parallels in the divorce formulae found in the bowls, the Talmud, and the archaeological findings of divorce documents. I will then suggest what can be learned from these parallels. One of the best-known motifs in the incantation bowls is the delivery of the writ of divorce (the geṭ ) to demons. It