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Sophia Menache

casts off the fear of Heaven from himself, as it is said, "and he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty. (Job, 6:14) [Babylonian Talmud, Shabbath, 63a-b] Pet-keeping, particularly dog-keeping, is commonplace in Western society, to the extent that few question the practice. Still, as the above quotations

Sophia Menache

, which justify a charitable attitude to pets. Following Deuteronomy 1 1:15, the Talmud states that one may not eat before feeding them (Berachot 40a, Gittin 62a). When Rabbi Avihu was invited to Caesarea, he was accorded great honor, but in the company of a dog. To the annoyed Rabbi's query, his host

Michael Tobias

scripture and analysis, comparable to Talmudic scholarship. It is interesting to note that original Biblical precepts ordained vegetarianism among Jews, a practice which has recently been revived by many Jewish groups in the United States. Kosher came about as a compromise measure to insure at least some

Rod Preece and David Fraser

, God's promise never again to flood the earth took the form of a covenant made not only with humans but with all animals as well (Genesis 9:9-17). 250 Other passages explicitly extend human moral requirements beyond those of pastoralist husbandry. The Talmud tells us, "It is forbidden, according to

Richard Foltz

seem reasonable. 3. The Vidēvdād characterizes a highly legalistic form of Zoroastrianism that became promi- nent in the Sasanian period and that likely influenced the Jewish Pharisees (“Persianizers”?), as well as later Talmudic and Islamic legal approaches. 4. Mary Boyce is a well-known example of

Rod Preece and David Fraser

not only with humans but with all animals as well (Genesis 9:9-17). The Status of Animals in Biblical and Christian Thought • 249 Other passages explicitly extend human moral r equirements beyond those of pastoralist husbandry. The Talmud tells us, “It is forbidden, according to the law of T orah