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Walter Homolka

Historical Jesus research, Jewish or Christian, is marked by the search for origins and authenticity. The various Quests for the Historical Jesus contributed to a crisis of identity within Western Christianity. The result was a move “back to the Jewish roots!”
For Jewish scholars it was a means to position Jewry within a dominantly Christian culture. As a consequence, Jews now feel more at ease to relate to Jesus as a Jew.
For Walter Homolka the Christian challenge now is to formulate a new Christology: between a Christian exclusivism that denies the universality of God, and a pluralism that endangers the specificity of the Christian understanding of God and the uniqueness of religious traditions, including that of Christianity.

Marion Spies

could say that in each case she sees the role of Jewish art as that of a counterdiscourse to the prevailing artistic mode, as, for example, when the Bezalel School of Arts and Crafts in Jerusalem used art to create a Jewish nationality in Palestine; or when adherents of the Wissenschaft des Judentums

Rachel Elior

Gnosticism... (note 4 above) pp. 1-30; idem,Major Trends... (note 4 above) p. 43f. idem, Ursprung und Anfänge der Kabbale, Berlin 1962, Studia Judaica: Forschungen zur Wissenschaft des Judentums, vol. 3. 10 See Halperin, pp. 5-7; compare J. Dan, "Ma'aseh Merkabah Be Sifrut Hazal-on D. Halperin, the Merkabah

tendentious image of Jewish history and reality which, in the interests of emancipation, moder- nisation and acceptance by a prejudiced if not hostile gentile host- environment, Jewish scholarship (the new Wissenschaft des Judentums) had been projecting. Starting from total ignorance, the young Scholem

Jacques Waardenburg

- gionswissenschaft & Theologie . Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994. For relations with French Catholic theology, see Henry Pinard de la Boullaye, L’Etude compare´e des religions. Essai critique . 2 vols. Paris: Beauchesne, 1922 and 1925. For relations with ortho- dox Judaism, see Julius Carlebach (Ed.), Wissenschaft des

Kocku von Stuckrad

Envisioning Magic. A Princeton Seminar and Symposion (Studies in the History of Religions 75). Leiden etc.: Brill. Schalit, A. 1969 König Herodes. Der Mann und sein Werk (Studia Judaica. Forschungen zur Wissenschaft des Judentums 4). Berlin: de Gruyter. Smelik, W.F. 1995 “On Mystical Transformation of the

Alexander Kulik

. References Ameisenowa Zofia “Das messianische Gastmahl der Gerechten in einer hebräischen Bibel aus dem 13. Jahrhundert. Ein Beitrag zur eschatologischen Ikonographie bei den Juden.” Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 1935 79 409 422 Ameisenowa Zofia

Bernard Levinson

literary history of ancient Israel, including the formation of the Pentateuch, is not ex- plored. The situation that results ironically brings to mind the intellectual safeguards that nineteenth century Wissenschaft des Judentums imposed upon itself. For exam- ple, Heinrich Graetz (1817–1891) freely