This article discusses the challenges of adaptation for Indonesian religion. It describes the ways that the major Indonesian religions have changed to fit the requirements of being recognized religions, and focuses as an example on the ways that Balinese Hinduism has changed to become Agama Hindu Dharma Indonesia. It also examines the traditional theological problem of “faith and works” in the Indonesian context, and the concerns used to balance modernization and religious freedom.
© Brill, Leiden 2002 JEAA 3, 1–2 PREHISTORIC MARINE FISHING ADAPTATION IN SOUTHERN TAIWAN BY LI KUANG-TI 李匡悌 (Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica) Abstract This paper discusses prehistoric fishing activities as seen through archaeological remains from the area of Eluanbi in
Adrianus L.G. Waworuntu, Zeffry Alkatiri and Fuad Gani
This article is a further discussion of previous research which is a pilot project to observe patterns of cultural interaction within the Chinese community in Indonesia as a part of a project to understand the phenomenon of the multicultural society during the New Order Era. The specific target of this research is to study the socio-cultural interactions within the Chinese community in Manado during the Reform Era (2000-2014). This research aims to study the strategic adaptation of the Chinese in Manado, by analysing the obstacles and opportunities in their socio-cultural interaction with the locals. Using data from field research and literature studies, this qualitative research applies an ethnographic approach by observing various actions in their socio-cultural interactions.
It has been widely acknowledged that translation played an important role in the process of colonization. Colonizers often used it to reinforce their hegemony over the colonized who, in turn, employed it to encourage either submission to or resistance of that hegemony. Focusing on Vajiravudh’s translation, or more precisely adaptation, of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” this article illustrates how the story reflects not only the desire to be civilized like Westerners but also the strategies that the Siamese elite employed in order to achieve the trappings of civilization, namely the construction of a primitive Other and the imitation of Europeans. These strategies were, however, inherently problematic. Imitation did not, for example, pave the way towards acceptance but reinforced instead the stereotype of the mimicking natives. The article shows, however, that the Siamese elite were able to use the tactic of adaptation, both literary and otherwise, to navigate through these problems and negotiate their relationship with the West.
© Brill, Leiden 2002 JEAA 3, 1–2 MARITIME ADAPTATIONS IN PREHISTORIC SOUTHEAST CHINA: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PROBLEM OF AUSTRONESIAN EXPANSION BY TSANG CHENG-HWA 臧振華 (National Museum of Prehistory, Taidong, Taiwan) Abstract The movement of the Austronesian peoples from their homelands in the
This volume, the result of combining empirical evidence with a sound understanding of the structural requirements of calendar-making, and of the mechanisms through which these needs could be met, for the first time explains how these old octaval calendars actually worked. It traces the history of Muslim calendars in Southeast Asia, and attempts to put them into their historical and cultural context. Understanding the old calendars will at last throw light on a number of essential aspects of older Malay science and culture.
An accompanying interactive CD-ROM presents the reader with a tool for converting Malay and Javanese dates, with access to the range of variant calendars.
Ladylyn Lim Mangada and Yvonne Su
disasters: Toward a network-centered approach .” Administration & Society 42 , no. 2 (2010): 271 – 299 . King , David , Yetta Gurtner , Agung Firdaus , Sharon Harwood , and Alison Cottrell . 2016 . “ Land use planning for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation
and Flannery 1964; Flannery and Coe 1968) and of Lewis Binford (1968), coastal adaptations (for de nitions see Stark 1977; Perlman 1980; Yesner 1980) have been at the center of speculation on the social and technological changes expe- rienced by human society in the early post-Pleistocene era
Jia Xiaobing, Yuan Jing, Wu Yun and Liang Zhonghe
the Shandong Peninsula, the results of this project can be used to gain further insight into such issues as the relationship between the environment and human activities and subsistence strategies at the shell mound sites, human adaptation to the environment and impact on the environment, and the
Charles Shannon and Leng Jian
indicate a “marginal region of cultural retardation” (Movius 1969:75), more recent interpretations explain the difference between these two technological spheres in different ways. One interpretive extreme sees a kind of “acultural” adaptation in East Asia (Binford and Ho 1985; Binford and Stone 1986