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Between Orality and Literacy: Communication and Adaptation in Antiquity

Orality and Literacy in the Ancient World, vol. 10


Edited by Ruth Scodel

The essays in Between Orality and Literacy address how oral and literature practices intersect as messages, texts, practices, and traditions move and change, because issues of orality and literacy are especially complex and significant when information is transmitted over wide expanses of time and space or adapted in new contexts. Their topics range from Homer and Hesiod to the New Testament and Gaius’ Institutes, from epic poetry and drama to vase painting, historiography, mythography, and the philosophical letter. Repeatedly they return to certain issues. Writing and orality are not mutually exclusive, and their interaction is not always in a single direction. Authors, whether they use writing or not, try to control the responses of a listening audience. A variable tradition can be fixed, not just by writing as a technology, but by such different processes as the establishment of a Panhellenic version of an Attic myth and a Hellenistic city’s creation of a single celebratory history.

Logos and Law in the Letter of James

The Law of Nature, the Law of Moses and the Law of Freedom


M.A. Jackson-McCabe

This study examines the association of "implanted logos" and the "perfect law of freedom" in the Letter of James. It argues that James understands the Torah to be a written expression of the divine law the Stoics correlated with human reason.
After showing how past interpretation of James's logos has been guided by a problematic essentialist approach to Christian origins, the Stoic theory of law is reconstructed with special attention to Cicero's concept of "implanted reason." Adaptations of the Stoic theory in ancient Jewish and Christian literature are examined, and the Letter of James is analyzed in detail.
The work makes original contributions to the study of James and of Stoicism. It also highlights the importance of broad reconstructions of Christian origins for the interpretation of the early Christian literature.

The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism

Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus


Edited by Newman, James Davila and Lewis

Although there are many studies of second Temple Judaism (in general) and of Christianity's relationship with Judaism (in particular), there has not been a sustained and comprehensive investigation of the way in which Christ-devotion in the first two centuries of the common era represents a manifestation of Jewish monotheism.
This volume fills this gap in four distinctive ways: (1) by re-examining the theological force of "monotheism" during the Second Temple period; (2) by retracing the historical steps of Christianity's adaptation / mutation / re-definition of Jewish monotheism; (3) by exploring and debating the influence of non-Jewish traditions on this process; and (4) by mapping the ways in which Christianity's unique appropriation of Jewish monotheism helps explain the intriguing relationships among emerging Christian, Jewish and Gnostic communities.
In particular, the eighteen essays demonstrate how the creation mythic of narratives, the revelatory power of mystical experiences, and the sociology of community formation capitalized on the Jewish meditoral tradition to encourage and legitimate the Christian praxis of Christ-devotion.

Sleepy Scribes and Clever Critics

A Classification of Conjectures on the Text of the New Testament

Bart L.F. Kamphuis, Jan L.H. Krans, Silvia Castelli and Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte

leave behind”) 43 —any omission that is neither regarded as intentional, nor can be explained by the repetition of text as in haplography, nor by any other type of cause. 44 1.3.2. “Contagion”— a change caused by adaptation to words recently copied or just about to be copied. 45 1.3.3. Synonym —any

Carroll Osburn

et allusions bibliques dans la litérature patristique (Paris: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scienti fi que, 1975—), references without distinction not only citations, adaptations, and allusions but even reminiscences of only remote relationship to the text. 2 See Lionel North, “The Use

The Rest of Her Offspring

The Relationship between Revelation 12 and the Targumic Expansion of Genesis 3:15

Pauline Paris Buisch

combines two distinct sources. 26 The first is the drama of the woman in labor pains, her male child, and the dragon (verses 1-6, 13-17). Though there is debate about which myth serves as the primary background to this narrative, this first source is generally considered to be an adaptation of the myths

Dominika A. Kurek-Chomycz

Fourth Evangelist’s adaptation of the anointing story, highlighting the sensory elements and pointing out that they are an important, albeit often neglected, indication of the Johannine redaction. Keywords olfaction; anointing in Bethany; sense imagery; Gospel of John; John 12:3 1. Introduction The New

L.J. Lietaert Peerbolte

. H. von Lips discusses Wisdom traditions in early Christianity under the title "Christus as Sophia". He stresses the variety in Jewish Wisdom material and the variety in the Christian adaptation of it. He devotes attention to early elements in the letters of Paul and in Q. To sum up: this is a

Norman Perrin

adaptation of a saying like that now found in Luke xii 8 f. 2) Matthew follows Mark on each occasion. Luke transforms the first into a non-parousia reference and omits the "seeing" in the third (Luke xxii 69). Matthew nowhere has the verb in connection with the parousia except in dependence on Mark, nor has