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Ideology and Power in the Viking and Middle Ages

Scandinavia, Iceland, Ireland, Orkney and the Faeroes


Edited by Gro Steinsland, Jon Vidar Sigurdsson, Jan Erik Rekdal and Ian B. Beuermann

Ideology and power are central elements in the political, social, religious and cultural development of the North during the transition from the Viking to the Middle Ages. While the medieval European Christian ideology of rulership has been widely discussed, an analysis of the Nordic pre-Christian ideology, and of its confrontation with the new European ideals has so far been lacking. This book examines the concepts and practices associated with chieftains, earls and kings from the ninth to the thirteenth century: the myths and rituals surrounding their position in a northern European warrior culture. The analysis seems to indicate that important elements of the pre-Christian ideology of rulership survived into the Christian Middle Ages, either transformed or even simply transferred.
Contributors are Ian Beuermann, Anders Hultgård, Jan Erik Rekdal, Jens Peter Schjødt, Jón Viðar Sigurðsson, Joanna Skórzewska, Gro Steinsland and Olof Sundqvist.

The Brendan Legend

Texts and Versions


Edited by Glyn S. Burgess and Clara Strijbosch

The Brendan Legend: Texts and Versions deals with the vast textual tradition relating to the Irish Saint Brendan, known as 'The Navigator'. Stories about Brendan have been popular in the whole of Western Europe, from the seventh to the twentieth century. The themes of the book are the interrelated problems of the textual and literary embedding of Brendan texts. For the first time researchers in Celtic, German, Latin and Romance languages and literatures have co-operated on the Brendan tradition, and they have mapped the changes in textual traditions according to different circumstances and audiences. This book will be important to those studying the influence of Celtic literature on the European Continent, and, more generally, to those interested in the versatility of textual traditions in Western Europe.


Edited by Ya'acov Lev

This volume focusses on the interplay between war and society in the Eastern Mediterranean, in a period which witnessed the Arab conquests, the Seljuk invasion, the Crusades, and the Mongol incursions.
The military aspects of these momentous events have not been fully discussed so far. For the first time this book offers a synthesis of trends in military technology and its effect on society in the period from the Arab conquests to the establishment of an Ottoman hegemony.
War and Society in the Eastern Mediterranean provides for medievalists an Oriental context to the military aspects of the Crusades, and for scholars of both Middle Eastern and military history a coherent treatment of an important topic over a long period and covering many different cultures.

Pinchas Roth and Jonathan Rubin

אודות המעבר ” (“Behold, I have found something new in a Christian book about the passage”). 1 The second is found on fol. 7v, opening simply: “In another book” (“ בספר אחר ”). As we shall soon see, both of these short texts are adaptations of Latin/Romance texts composed within the context of crusading

Teacher in Faith and Virtue

Lanfranc of Bec's Commentary on Saint Paul



This book examines the manuscripts and text of Lanfranc's commentary on St. Paul to reconsider Lanfranc's influence upon educated culture of the eleventh century. Lanfranc's assimilation of patristic sources and his adaptation of rhetorical methods to biblical exegesis demonstrate his personal theological development as well as expectations he established for his students. Specifically, the commentary indicates a monastic curriculum that was both creative, by combining classical methods and theological inquiry, and conservative, by restricting these methods to the precepts of Ciceronian rhetoric and condemning other masters' methods. Lanfranc's commentary contributes to a broader discussion of the methods under consideration in the schools of northern France in the eleventh century and the possible competition among masters and their conflicting curricula.

Derwich, Marek

the events of Polish history from 966 to 1399. The first part, covering the history up to 1283, is an adaptation of the Annales capituli Cracoviensis dicti breves supplemented and extended with informat...

Le Saux, Françoise Hazel Marie

major chronicles, the Roman de Brut and the Roman de Rou, all in Anglo-Norman verse. The Roman de Brut, completed in 1155, is a translation/adaptation of Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Britannie...

Croenen, Godfried

. Baudouin d'Avesnes, brother of Count John I of Hainault (d. 1257), is mentioned in connection to the work only in paratextual elements of the later adaptations. Baudouin was not the author but probably the co...

Bratu, Cristian

suggests, the dialect of the original (lost) text is a matter of conjecture, though it was probably southern; the work survives in adaptations in various other dialects (Poitevin, Occitan, Northern Fre...