British shipping in the Mediterranean Katerina Galani investigates the impact of the French and Napoleonic wars on British maritime economic activity. Due to the close cooperation of the public and private sector at sea, the British adopted flexible business strategies to mitigate economic warfare and sustain shipping and trade in the Mediterranean.
The book offers a comprehensive approach by combining the study of international relations, ports, ships, business organisation, deep-sea voyages and intra-Mediterranean navigation. Katerina Galani conceptualises the Mediterranean as an economic entity and she insightfully examines, for the first time, free traders along with the chartered
Levant Company. Her analysis draws upon a unique collection of British and Mediterranean sources to construct a multifaceted view of British maritime activity.
ius commune literature is interpreted, adapted and applied in the Netherlandish contexts. The quality of legal education, as well as the political and economic contexts are of course very important for a successful reception and adaptation: this study wants to (help to) demonstrate the ‘informational
between two different kinds of changes to that rate. Fluctuations could be motivated either by a (normal) adaptation to the deterioration of the intrinsic quality of one of the real coins through its normal use, or by a mere (and according to Hostiensis often fraudulent) change of the official rate. In
of decisiones – In a similar way as for the German consilia literature, Gehrke also distinguished – based on his study of the German early modern decisiones literature – several types of published volumes. 208 This distinction (with some adaptations to our regional context) can again be