language’s prosody is constrained in a specific way (syllable structure, stress patterns). Therefore, loanwords which are incompatible with a language’s phonological system may have to undergo adaptation (see Hyman 1970, Holden 1976, Schwarzwald 1998, Kenstowicz 2007, Cohen 2010a/2010b/2013a and many more
Consonants and the Adaptation of Vowels in French Loanwords into Moroccan Arabic 41–74 Michael Kenstowicz and Nabila Louriz A Uniﬁ ed Approach to Reﬂ exivization in Semitic and Romance 75–105 Edit Doron and Malka Rappaport Hovav Individuating and Measure Readings of Classiﬁ er Constructions: Evidence from
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dissertation, Boston University. Kenstowicz, Michael & Nabila Louriz. 2009. Reverse engineering: Emphatic consonants and the adaptation of vowels in French lowanwords into Moroccan Arabic. Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics 1 : 41–74. Lahrouchi, Mohamed & Rachid Ridouane. 2016. On
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Chayen, Maurice J. 1973. The Phonetics of Modern Hebrew . The Hague, Paris: Mouton.
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Clements, George. N., and Samuel J. Keyser. 1983. CV phonology: A Generative Theory of The Syllable . Cambridge, Massachusetts: Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 9.
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provocative in the sense that it forces the generation of a copy of the goal and the generation of a new position, such as a specifier position, for the copy to merge in, all for the purpose of feature valuation, as (15) (an adaptation of Haddad’s (104)) demonstrates. 2
illustrated in (20). Comparable data can be constructed in other languages, in particular, in French and Romanian (illustration omitted) 9 .
190 A. Grosu / Brill’s Annual of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics 1 (2009) 176–203 10 Th e analysis of such data may require some adaptation of Grosu & Landman