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Edited by Laurence Roulleau-Berger

In North-American and European cities, youth live in precarious social and economic conditions. The issue of employment has become a political problem. In this volume, sociological, economical and ethnographical perspectives are used to explain ethnic discrimination, inequalities at school, unemployment and marginalization. Work remains a central value in young peoples' lives who not only are victimized but also try to find escapes.
Originally in French, this extended and updated book contains contributions by Enrico Pugliese, Saskia Sassen, Min Zhou, François Dubet, Paul Anisef, Paul Axelrod, Ida Susser and others.

Pastoralists under Pressure?

Fulbe Societies Confronting Change in West Africa

Series:

Edited by Victor Azarya, Anneke Breedveld, Han van Dijk and Mirjam de Bruijn

This book brings together the work of a number of leading specialists of the Fulbe (Fulani, Peul), the largest and most widespread group of pastoralists in West Africa. The collection deals with a wide variety of subjects, ranging from ethnicity and identity, ecology and politics, and social transformation and takes us to such diverse settings across the African continent as urban Nigeria, dryland West and Central Mali, the Aadamaawa plateau in Cameroon, the Guinean highlands, the Ivorian savannah, the Central Sudan, Northern Benin and the Senegal valley.
This volume shows that the Fulbe are a fascinating example for the comparative study of social change, and ecological and cultural adaptation by discussing contemporary changes in Fulbe society and the amazing variety of settings in which they are able to survive.

Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany

New Developments in the 21st Century

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Kerstin Rosenow-Williams

In Organizing Muslims and Integrating Islam in Germany, Kerstin Rosenow-Williams analyzes the challenges faced by Islamic organizations in Germany since the beginning of the 21st century. Outlining the expectations German political actors have of Islamic organizations and the internal interests of these organizations, the author illustrates that organizational response strategies involve patterns not only of adaptation, but also of decoupling and protest. The study introduces an innovative research framework based on organizational sociology and provides empirical insights into three major Islamic umbrella organizations (DITIB, IGMG, ZMD) and their relationships with other actors.

The comprehensive analysis of the German institutional environment and related developments in Islamic organizations makes this study highly relevant to scholars and politicians, as well as the general public.

Horst Reimann

obtain certain normative criteria of the social process involved in this histori- cally isolated process-complex of flight or expulsion and the refugee's adaptation, with a view to ascertaining whether there are definite social patterns, a striking resemblance will be observed as regards the general

Karl Kautsky

social institutions which increasingly dominate him and require further adaptation. Pre-capitalist states are doomed to stagnate or decline, but capitalist societies advance through social revolution, first bourgeois and then pro- letarian. - J.H.K. I ... WHAT I PRESENT [in my book on The Materialist

Manfred Stanley

are the problems of legiti- macy, adaptation, and social re-stratification. It will be argued that these are the fundamental sociological problems of modernization under which most of the myriad precipitating causes of contemporary insurgent violence can be subsumed. The second part of the paper

William H. Form

is evolutionary. While it takes into account the unique adaptation of societies to industrialism at its earliest stages, it also stresses that, over the long run, a similar pattern evolves everywhere. This explanation is similar to the Industrial Man approach, but it stresses the dynamics of

A.H. Halsey

in the underdeveloped countries. Thus the articles by Martin Trow and Burton Clark offer a comprehensive analysis of the changing shape and scope of education in the most advanced form of industrial society, and Professor Trow's essay may be compared with the slower adaptation of English secondary

José Pastore, E.A. Wilkening and Suzanne Smith

an experiment in urban planning which would yield certain political, social and economic consequences. The settlement of migrants in satellite cities as well as in the Central City provides an opportunity to study the effect of ecological location upon the adaptation of recent migrants to a newly

and social institutions which increasingly dominate him and require further adaptation. Pre-capitalist states are doomed to stagnate or decline, but capitalist societies advance through social revolution, Ž rst bourgeois and then proletarian. - J.H.K. International Journal of Comparative Sociology Vol