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Author: Robert Biel
The project of applying general systems theory to social sciences is crucial in today’s crisis when social and ecological systems clash. This book concretely demonstrates the necessity of a Marxist approach to this challenge, notably in asserting agency (struggle) as against determinism. It similarly shows how Marxism can be reinvigorated from a systems perspective. Drawing on his experience in both international systems and low-input agriculture, Biel explores the interaction of social and physical systems, using the conceptual tools of thermodynamics and information. He reveals the early twenty-first century as a period when capitalism starts parasitising on the chaos it itself creates, notably in the link between the two sides of imperialism: militarism (the ‘war on terror’) and speculative finance capital.
Author: Peter Atterton

destruction” (362), we are back to square one. Darwin has simply failed to explain how “unconscious selection” ( unbewußten Selektion ) (362) could produce better and stronger individuals in place of the weak and ill constituted. 3) Adaptation: Nietzsche roundly criticizes the adaptationist program presented

In: Nietzsche and Critical Social Theory
Author: Gary Yeritsian

critique of Christianity and asceticism; an emphasis on dynamism, spontaneity, and action; antipathy toward mere “adaptation” and survival, tantamount to conformity to a life-denying culture and society; and an opposition to cultural philistinism. Moreover, they point to the possibility of a socialization

In: Nietzsche and Critical Social Theory
Author: Douglas Kellner

-faire capitalism.” Further: “The president-elect said this spring that he’s a fan of Rand and identifies with Howard Roark, the main character in The Fountainhead . Roark, played by Gary Cooper in the film adaptation, is an architect who dynamites a housing project he designed because the builders did not

In: Nietzsche and Critical Social Theory

eagerness to attack, and for keeping his seat, in violation of regulations, when cheers were given for the Kaiser. As a populariser of Marxist ideas he was not exactly profound, and among other things published a rather bold adaptation of Capital . Before the war he founded the Lichtstrahlen , a weekly

In: In the Radical Camp
Author: Daniel Sullivan

automatically react to the accusation of guilt resonates with Horkheimer’s description of the “utilitarian cast of thought” brought on by “the mechanization of life.” As a result of the individual’s need for precise adaptation to an increasingly complex existence, the individual becomes psychologically passive

In: Nietzsche and Critical Social Theory

signalled the birth of capitalism in Peru – are presented as the product of an attempt at willfully deviating from the right Leninist path rather than as the product of analysis or reflection, no matter how mistaken. Quijano’s also sees Mariátegui’s political proposals as an adaptation of the ideas

In: Bread and Beauty: The Cultural Politics of José Carlos Mariátegui

bureaucracy; one can speak only of a party dictatorship or, rather, of an inorganic dictatorship, since power oscillates between extreme parties … The deficiencies of the English system of government were harshly revealed after the war by the huge problems of reconstruction and adaptation to the new situation

In: Caesarism and Bonapartism in Gramsci
Author: Kristin Lawler

hchs pamphlet) explained its adaptation of Nietzschean philosophy: “Nietzsche had shown the way for the favored few; it was necessary to do likewise for the many, to teach the masses ‘the will to power.’ The weakness of labor organizations lay in the psychology of the units, therefore Nietzsche was

In: Nietzsche and Critical Social Theory

morals. If we do not, at least, distinguish ourselves from the past, I fear that in the end, for the same reasons of adaptation and mimicry, we will end but differing ourselves on in the individuals, in the personalities. 52 Despite the surprising acceptance of a possible progressive

In: Bread and Beauty: The Cultural Politics of José Carlos Mariátegui