, the creation of the communal cultural content, and their adaptation to the framework of social life and members’ social ideas. At the end of the 1920s and in the early 1930s, many kibbutzim began a process of creating communal holidays. These holidays were celebrated on the same dates as the
work became marginalised and minimised – and has often disappeared completely ( Dror 2004c ).
Educating for work was adversely affected by the evolution of kibbutz education. Kibbutz education gradually lost its uniqueness and was modified through adaptation to the programmes of state education
.N., Hart, S.D., Gregor (eds)
Information Systems Foundations: Constructing and Criticising
. Canberra :
anu Press , 125 – 142 .
Yami , T.
Samuel , Y.
( 2004 ). Schools in the transition from a competitive economic model: a model of adaptation to a changing
developments have led to diversification in the types of inhabitants that currently compose the social fabric and have caused differences in rights and obligations.
These developments clearly reflect modes of adaptation by the kibbutz and the society to globalisation and the neoliberal
Adapt to New Environments
Organizations’ adaptation to environment is a universal phenomenon; otherwise, they cannot continue to exist. For an organization such as the Central Committee in which power is heavily centralized and which was arranged according to an ideology of class struggle, such
“Individual Adaptations and Structural Change as Solutions to Social Dilemmas”
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
The Logic of Collective Action
continuous adaptation to the surrounding social environment. Although the establishment of the organization is the result of human actions, the evolution of the organization is beyond the control of human will. Neither are the interests and wishes of the organization ﬁ xed; they are also a process of
society. 10 Despite ongoing debate, civil society became a common way to refer to associational life in China, often with adaptations for the distinctive Chinese context until it was effectively banned by the CCP in 2013. 11 Even the term NGO has not been officially embraced, even as non
Organizations: Funding Strategies and Patterns of Adaptation,” ed. Y. Hasenfeld, Human Services as Complex Organizations (New Park, CA: Sage, 1992): 73-97. ——, Understanding Nonproﬁt Funding (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1993). Hannan, M. T., and Freeman, J., “The Population Ecology of Organizations,” AJS
Grandovit’s research, some scholars believe that embeddedness is an exchange logic that shapes motivation and promotes coordination and adaptation. The unique feature of this logic is that it shifts the motivation of actors from narrow pursuit of direct economic profits to enriching relationships through