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Daisy Hildyard

organism is a product of evolution. However, this is not to say that the study of the human evolutionary adaptation has become fully integrated within the study of the evolutionary adaptation of other species. The very notoriety of Wilberforce’s question, which survives only as a reported quote and yet has

Anne-Kristin Römpke

. For that, cross-cultural adaptations of measurement instruments are indispensable. The Pet Attitude Scale ( PAS ) from Templer, Salter, Baldwin, Dickey, and Veleber (1981) is a scale often used in English-speaking AAI research (e.g., Morgan, 2009) to assess attitude towards companion animals. It has

Dale Murray

In The Global and the Local: An Environmental Ethics Casebook, Dale Murray presents fifty-one actual, unique, and compelling case studies. The book covers a wide variety of environmental topics from those as global as overfishing, climate change, ocean acidification, and e-waste, to those topics as local as whether we should place salt on the driveway during winter, construct rain gardens, or believe we have a duty to hunt.

The book also features an easy to read, yet rigorous introductory section exposing readers to ethical theories and approaches to environmental ethics. By interweaving these theoretical considerations into long and short case studies, Murray illuminates a comprehensive range of the most pressing environmental issues facing our biosphere both today and in the future.

This book is also available in paperback.

Andrea Petitt and Camilla Eriksson

useful as a point of departure. Leaning on Rabinow and Rose’s (2006) adaptation of Foucault’s biopower, Holloway and Morris (2012) examine three key axes of biopower: the construction of truths by authorities; the development of interventions to “guide the (re)production” of populations; and

Bodies in Flux

Embodiments at the End of Anthropocentrism

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Edited by Barbara Braid and Hanan Muzaffar

This volume offers an insight into a selection of current issues of embodiment and other related aspects, such as identity, gender, disability, or sexuality, discussed on the basis of examples from contemporary culture and social life. Inspired by Donna Haraway’s concept of the cyborg as a transgressor of boundaries, the book examines fluidity of post-human bodies – from cyber relations to others and to self, enabled by the latest technologies, through fragmented, prostheticised, monstrous or augmented body of popular culture and lifestyles, to the dis/utopian fantasies offered by literary texts – showing how difficult it still is in current culture to let go of the stable boundaries towards the post-gender world Haraway imagines.

Contributors are Dawn Wooley, Anna Pilińska, Barbara Braid, Jana Reynolds, Julio Ernesto Guerrero Mondaca, Ana Gabriela Magallanes Rodríguez, Katharina Vester, Wojciech Śmieja and Hanan Muzaffar.

Olga Petri

enhance evolutionary inheritance, resulting in a commercially convenient adaptation, a cultural upgrade that neither produces nature nor partners with it in a mutualistic sense. Building on Haraway’s (2003) “natureculture” and the epistemology of other scholars challenging the nature-culture divide

Geoffrey N. Swinney

2011, the elephant now stands as a part of an exhibition element concerned with gigantism as an adaptation, and the anatomical and physiological challenges that this imposes (Figure 10). The present study has tracked not only the mounted elephant through previous phases in its afterlife but also how

Kate Marx

blogged about. Their presence was proof enough that the hiker was living in “authentic” wilderness. Once their presence had been established, there was no real need to recount particular incidents. In this way, it could be said that the dwelling perspective encourages habituation—and adaptation—to the

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John Parham

In The Green Studies Reader (2000) Laurence Coupe suggests that ‘Nature is perhaps the most complex word in the language’ and argues that ‘green studies […] hinges on the recognition of the complexity of that word and of our relation to whatever it denotes’. The opening section of this essay reviews the difficulties this question has posed to contemporary ecocritical theory. It discusses in particular the tension, identified by Martin Ryle, between ‘nature-endorsing’ approaches – those that take certain texts at face value as ‘true’ records of landscapes, natural processes and environmental practice – and ‘nature-sceptical’ approaches – those that interrogate the uses to which ‘nature’ is put in texts e.g. the social paradigms being proposed.

Part two of the essay argues that nineteenth-century critics have already confronted this specific question – what is nature? Parham then seeks to establish his own approach to what nature ‘denotes’ with reference to what he sees as the most thorough nineteenth-century attempt to theorize the ‘natural world’ – John Stuart Mill’s essay ‘On Nature’ (1874). The body of his argument studies Mill’s essay and highlights the following key arguments: that Mill’s scientifically based understanding that nature has a ‘primary’ or ‘original’ meaning independent of human ‘constructions’; an examination of Mill’s definition of ‘intelligent action’ whereby ‘the activities of men’ are subject to nature’s laws while, nevertheless, ‘Nature [is] a scheme to be amended, not imitated, by Man’ (i.e. within ‘the absolute limits of the laws of nature’ the human race should be free to make adaptations, as indeed do other species); Mill’s conclusion that both human social organisation and the natural environment result from the choice made as to how we live within the ecosystem: ‘by every choice which we make either of ends or of means, we place ourselves to a greater or less extent under one set of laws of nature instead of another’. Finally, the paper looks at how Mill employed this notion of ‘nature’ as the basis for social organisation in the ongoing development of his ‘Principles of Political Economy’. The paper concludes in support of an argument, made by Ryle, that ‘ecocriticism, like green politics, must be centrally concerned with the historical development of “human nature”’.

Social Justice, Poverty and Race

Normative and Empirical Points of View

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Edited by Paul Kriese and Randall E. Osborne

A clear understanding of social justice requires complex rather than simple answers. It requires comfort with ambiguity rather than absolute answers. This is counter to viewing right versus wrong, just vs. unjust, or good vs. evil as dichotomies. This book provides many examples of where and how to begin to view these as continuums rather than dichotomies.