to result in their partial or full depopulation. Moreover, the problem is not one that lies in the future, as the effects of sea-level rise are already being experienced in certain regions. This article examines the existing international law framework in relation to adaptation under the global
Transitioning from a Rights-based Approach to an Adaptive Approach
Grant Dawson and Rachel Laut
) 1 ∵ Introduction Climate change will manifest in diverse ways and have distinct impacts on various regions and populations. In this context, human mobility can be an empowered adaptation strategy; or, at the other end of the spectrum, it can be an unwelcome necessity for survival with a high
Tony George Puthucherril
primary methodology to attain sustainable coastal development, and how they further adaptation to sea level rise. The article argues that, as it stands, India’s coastal law is ineﬀective to further these two objectives. Keywords India, integrated coastal zone management, climate change, sea level rise
1 Introduction The legal dimensions of adapting to the impacts of climate change have been late arrivals to Australian climate law. ‘Adaptation law’ continues to be the poor relative of mitigation law, policy, practice, and scholarship, lacking a clearly defined scope, the moral authority and
Elizaveta Barrett Ristroph
* I am extremely grateful to the people across Alaska who were willing to talk with me about anv relocation and adaptation, especially Chief Pj Simon of Allakaket. This work was made possible by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Sectoral Applications Research
Meinhard Doelle, Steven Evans and Tony George Puthucherril
some of the negative impacts of climate change are already being felt, especially in the developing world, and that developed countries have an obligation to provide concrete and significant adaptation support. The past decade, in particular, has seen the creation of a number of initiatives on
, the League of Nations faced many challenges. Many attempts were made to deal with these. Some remained proposals, others ultimately took the shape of the League’s reforms and adaptations. In this context it might be interesting to consider in what sense the League possessed a capacity for reform and
Martin O. Oulu
Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into policies and development planning processes is widely acknowledged and advocated as an important means of addressing the myriad impacts of climate change.Kenya, like many developing countries, is very vulnerable to climate change and urgently needs to adapt. However, the country’s adaptation mainstreaming efforts are still nascent and largely insufficient. Through a literature review and key informant interviews, this paper identifies Kenya’s potential climateadaptation mainstreaming entry-points and investigates the normative, organizational, and procedural mainstreaming strategies employed. This is done from a horizontal Climate Policy Integration perspective. Three potential mainstreaming entry-points, among them Kenya Vision 2030, the current development blueprint, are identified. The results indicate that while political commitment to, and strategic vision on, climate adaptation is present as exemplified by high-profile champions and the development of the National Climate Change Response Strategy, institutional set-ups remain fragmented and inadequate. Of particular importance is the need to anchor coordination efforts for climate change adaptation in a highlevel and cross-sectoral office. Ex-ante assessment procedures, such as Strategic Environment Assessment and Environment Impact Assessment, should incorporate robust climate vulnerability assessments and adaptation requirements.
Peter P.J. Driessen and Helena F.M.W. van Rijswick
Adaptation to climate change is a complex process of societal change and should be studied as such. Attention to issues of climate adaptation has increased considerably over the past few years. Until now, less attention has been paid to questions concerning normative issues of societal change. In this paper we will address three important questions on the normative level: (a) What kind of legal and policy principles should public and private actors take to heart when formulating and implementing adaptation measures? (b) Which societal interests should be protected by a climate-adaptation policy and in what order? (c) To what extent are governments responsible for adaptation to climate change and what are the responsibilities to be borne by private parties and citizens? We will treat these questions from a mix of legal, administrative, and economic perspectives. We conclude with some recommendations on how to deal with these normative aspects in policy-making processes.
Britta Horstmann and Achala Chandani Abeysinghe
The Adaptation Fund of the Kyoto Protocol is seen by many as a model for financing adaptation activities, which should also play a strong role in the institutional design of the Green Climate Fund under the UNFCCC. The article analyses whether the status of operationalization of the Adaptation Fund meets international institutional criteria and requirements for an effective and efficient fund arrangement. These are derived from the UNFCCC and the Paris Agenda on Aid Effectiveness. The analysis shows that the Adaptation Fund meets most of the funding requirements. Due to its institutional features, particularly the direct-access modality, the Adaptation Fund has the potential to practically link international climate change with development finance for adaptation to climate change. However, the analysis also shows that there are a number of challenges remaining, including criteria which the fund does not meet yet and the practical implementation of fund operations, particularly at the national level.