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Roots of Empire

Forests and State Power in Early Modern Spain, c.1500-1750


John T. Wing

Roots of Empire is the first monograph to connect forest management and state-building in the early modern Spanish global monarchy. The Spanish crown's control over valuable sources of shipbuilding timber in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines was critical for developing and sustaining its maritime empire. This book examines Spain's forest management policies from the sixteenth century through the middle of the eighteenth century, connecting the global imperial level with local lived experiences in forest communities impacted by this manifestation of expanded state power. As home to the early modern world's most extensive forestry bureaucracy, Spain met serious political, technological, and financial limitations while still managing to address most of its timber needs without upending the social balance.

Manickam Venkataraman and Solomon M Gofie

China’s trade with Ethiopia currently at 1.3 billion USD annually is expected to rise to US$3 billion by 2015. This not only informs the level of bilateral trade ties that Ethiopia has had with China as compared to any other country in the region but also signifies the highest and the closest level of bilateral relations that Ethiopia has built upwith China over the past decade since the new government under Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) took over power in 1991. There have been extensive debates on China’s role in Africa - whether it could be viewed as a constructive partner or otherwise. This essay puts forward the argument that while trade ties as one important channel of bilateral relations that China has embarked with the outside world and particularly with Africa is uneven and lop-sided. This is true of the Ethiopian context as well particularly when we look at the economic capacity, balance of trade and at the two countries relations with international trade regimes. While China is a full member of WTO for over a decade Ethiopia on the other hand has been aspiring to become a member for some time now and hence one of the important aspect of Ethio-China trade relations is the heavy reliance on bilateral/international trade regimes. Therefore, this research is aimed at unraveling the dynamics in Sino-Ethiopia trade relations with emphasis on the economic capacity of the two countries, balance of trade and explore whether Ethiopia’s attempts to join WTO would lead to a more predictable trade relations between the two countries. In this attempt the research would largely rely on the analysis of relevant archival resources and literatures directly relating to the themes in this paper.

Jun Pan

.g. , understanding the political organisation of men in society, where language is of prime importance, analysing institutional functioning, in which texts are determinant, understanding social or ideological balances, exploring the balance of strength and power throughout speeches). ( Italics in the original

National Face and Facework in China’s Foreign Policy

A Corpus-Assisted Case Study of Chinese Foreign Affairs Press Conferences

Maria Marakhovskaiia and Alan Partington

administrations perhaps placing the balance between the two rather differently ( Nye, 2004 ). Thus, although face theory was first devised to interpret social interactions among individuals, it is not hard to see how aspects of it might also apply to interactions among nations. The entire basis of international

Alemu Asfaw Nigusie and Mohammed Seid Ali

reasonable balance among the interests of diverse stake holders through endorsing ethnic based federal arrangement. Such a constitutional federal architecture was designed to ensure constitutional guarantees to the civil, political, socio- cultural and administrative rights of diverse Ethiopian nations

Elsa Lafaye de Micheaux

thrown off the balance and trends of previous years, giving new impetus to Chinese industrial investment in Malaysia and conferring a particular role to Pahang in Malaysia-China relations. But in quantitative terms, China still remained behind Malaysia’s biggest economic partners (Japan, the usa

Why Iran Has Not Developed the Nuclear Weapons

Understanding the Role of Religion in Nuclear Policies of Iran

Modongal Shameer and Seyed Hossein Mousavian

Get the Bomb: Nuclear Balancing Would Mean Stability”, Foreign Affairs, July–August 2012, [Online: web] Accessed on 24 November 2015 url : . Zakaria F . ( 2009 ), “What You Know About Iran is Wrong

Mohammed Sulemana and Kingsford Gyasi Amakye

Review of Issues (Unpublished paper prepared for International Development Research Center) , Ottawa , Canada . Rose P. ( 2003 a). Community Participation in School Policy and Practice in Malawi: Balancing Local Knowledge, National Policies and International Agency Priorities