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Jeremy Evans


This paper will examine what the Late Roman pottery evidence from Britain can tell us about the economy of the period. There is clear evidence of west and east coast trade routes in the province, as well as the persistence of a pre-Roman economy in the ‘Highland zone’ beyond the frontier. The army was a driver for the economy, but healthy local market economies were also a stimulus to growth. The southern region became particularly prosperous in the 3rd and 4th c., although the region that is now Wales does not seem to have embraced this model.

Maria H. Schoeman, Byron Aub, John Burrows, Grant Hall and Stephan Woodborne

homesteads, all shaped by an economy based on crop production and stock herding. In Bokoni settlements, the balance between livestock and crops was materialised in the spatial configuration of homesteads. Homesteads were normally associated with terraced fields, and linked to the outside world through roads

A.C. Christie and A. Haour

466013 on a fragment of rope from the assemblage. 6 Unfortunately, due to ‘wriggles’ in the calibration curve for this period, it is not possible to narrow the date range further, but these dates are entirely consistent with Monod’s earlier set and a slight improvement in accuracy. On balance, the

Elizabeth Coatsworth and Gale R. Owen-Crocker

far as possible in each section a balance between secular and ecclesiastical (so that similarities and divergences can more clearly be seen), male and female (bearing in mind that most surviving ecclesiastical dress is male; and that some categories of garments, such as shoes, can be gendered only by

Elizabeth Coatsworth and Gale R. Owen-Crocker

costruction) facing facing postures, showing an overall unity of conception; while at the same time noting the more graceful rhythmic stance of most (though not all) of the figures on the stole (details, Plate top), which balance alternately on right and left feet, with a drapery fold fluttering outside the


A Late Viking-Age Elite Cemetery in Central Poland


Edited by Andrzej Buko

Bodzia is one of the most fascinating archaeological discoveries of the post-war period in Poland. It is one of the few cemeteries in Poland from the time of the origins of the Polish state. The unique character of this discovery is mainly due to the fact that a small, elite population was buried there. The burials there included people whose origins were connected with the Slavic, Nomadic-Khazarian and Scandinavian milieus. For the first time the evidence from this area is given prominence.
This book is designed mainly for readers outside Poland. The reader is offered a collection of chapters, combining analyses and syntheses of the source material, and a discussion of its etno-cultural and political significance. The authors formulate new hypotheses and ideas, which put the discoveries in a broader European context.
Contributors are Wiesław Bogdanowicz, Mateusz Bogucki, Andrzej Buko, Magdalena M. Buś, Maria Dekówna, Alicja Drozd-Lipińska, Władysław Duczko, Karin Margarita Frei, Tomasz Goslar, Tomasz Grzybowski, Zdzisław Hensel, Iwona Hildebrandt-Radke, Michał Kara, Joanna Koszałka, Anna B. Kowalska, Tomasz Kozłowski, Marek Krąpiec, Roman Michałowski, Michael Müller-Wille, T. Douglas Price, Tomasz Purowski, Tomasz Sawicki, Iwona Sobkowiak-Tabaka, Stanisław Suchodolski and Kinga Zamelska-Monczak.


Anne Haour, Didier N’Dah, Carlos Magnavita, Sam Nixon and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

unknown archaeology relate to spatial issues. We needed to balance these concerns on several scales. On a regional scale, questions of site locations and distribution are usually best dealt with by undertaking pedestrian and vehicle-based terrain surveys. On a more local, site-centred level, surface


Raoul Laïbi, Didier N’Dah and Paul Adderley

, similarly and obviously, acts as a constraint on settlement location. The flooding of the Niger is, in turn, dependent upon the regional climate. The balance between flooding and the ready availability of relatively fertile land must, therefore, be considered the major influence on the development and


Lucie Smolderen

weaving had a different evolution. In Banikoara, Kandi and Nikki, the flood of industrial textiles certainly changed the balance, but to this day people have not turned away from handcraft cloths. Hand-woven garments are worn during the Gaani , a traditional annual festival, and have progressively become