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Rathbone, Dominic (London)

[German version] The Heroninus Archive (HA) consists of over 1,000 Greek papyri, mostly letters, balance sheets and receipts from the middle of the 3rd cent. AD. They are in fact documents relating to the administration of the large estates, located in the Arsinoítēs nomós (Fayum/Egypt;  Arsinoe


[German version] In Antiquity only beam (or balance) scales (σταθμός/stathmós, τάλαντον/tálanton; Latin libra, also statera, trutina) were known; they are first documented for Egypt (Old Kingdom, 5th dynasty) and were used in Greece in the Archaic period. Black Figure vase pictures (Arcesilas Bowl

Mlasowsky, Alexander (Hannover)

[German version] Silver alloy containing an admixture of more than 50 per cent copper and other base metals; whereas copper with very small proportions of silver is called white copper [1. 36]. Thinning out silver with copper is a common practice especially in late antiquity to balance the

Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)

with the shape of the vase, characterize his drawing style, as does also the balance of details, effected by relief, black, and golden dilute glaze lines. The Berlin Painter (BP) preferred the represe...

Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt)

actual balance sheets. The interests involved, and therefore the content (down to the private ‘notebook’, Cic. De or. 1,208), level of standardization and publication of records can vary greatly. Charact...

Nippel, Wilfried (Berlin)

typology from the late 5th cent. BC on. The assumption was that a hybrid form, in guaranteeing a balance between differing social interests, might encourage stability. On the one hand, the concern was...

Schaffner, Brigitte (Basle)

Bios. The Romans represent Kairos as a female, Occasio. The essence of Kairos is mainly emphasized by his representation: he is winged (on his feet or shoulders), tiptoes or stands on wheels, balances...

Weiß, Peter (Kiel)

[German version] (Latin statera, campana; καμπανός/kampanós, καμπανόν/kampanón). Steelyard refers to the form of straight-beam balance with arms of varying length, which has been demonstrated in Italy beginning in the late 1st cent. BC, and was later widespread in the Roman Empire. The early form

Hoesch, Nicola (Munich)

[German version] Greek painter from Athens, mid 4th cent. BC, celebrated by Plut. as an important representative of the Attic school of painters (Mor. 345f-346a). According to Plin. HN 35,80, his colleagues admired the particular strength and balance of composition in his paintings, achieved by

Nutton, Vivian (London)

[English version] The doctrine that the human body was made up of four humours, blood, phlegm, bile and black bile, and that health consisted in their being in balance, was accepted as the creation of Hippocrates well before the 2nd cent. AD. Galen's authority, buttressed by his logical and