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Stephen Karanja

This volume offers an evaluation of the Schengen Information System and border control co-operation from a transparency and proportionality perspective. It also incorporates a legal descriptive analysis of the co-operation in order to accommodate the changes and developments that occurred during the writing period. The transparency and proportionality perspectives are developed from human rights and data protection criteria. Transparency is understood as knowledge and accessibility to legal information as well as openness and accountability. On the other hand, proportionality is a requirement for guidance, balance and justification as well as a need to avoid excessiveness and arbitrariness in border control work. The final findings reveal that the Schengen co-operation suffers from a deficiency of transparency and proportionality. Consequently, measures are proposed to augment the deficiency. Even as this study was reaching its conclusion, fundamental legislative changes, closely similar to some of the arguments and recommendations projected in this study, took place. The efficacy of these changes is yet to be discerned.

Matej Accetto

DOI: 10.1163/092598807X165622 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 Review of Central and East European Law 32 (2007) 191-231 On Law and Politics in the Federal Balance: Lessons from Yugoslavia Matej Accetto * Abstract In trying to build a supranational polity while paying heed to member states

Arwin van Buuren, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Marleen van Rijswick, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Marleen van Rijswick, Piet Rietveld, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Marleen van Rijswick, Piet Rietveld, Willem Salet, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Marleen van Rijswick, Piet Rietveld, Willem Salet, Tejo Spit, Arwin van Buuren, Peter P.J. Driessen, Marleen van Rijswick, Piet Rietveld, Willem Salet, Tejo Spit and Geert Teisman

arrangements for planning (the institutional principles and rules of the game), the governance of planning processes (the way in which concrete planning processes are organized) and the role of public-private initiatives and the relevance of financial instruments in order to balance costs and benefits. 5 We

Vladimir Popondopulo and Andrei Bushev

Netherlands, tel +31/(0)71/535.3500, fax +31/(0)71/531.7532 DOI: 10.1163/157303506X129404 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2006 Review of Central and East European Law 31 (2006) 259-290 On Striking the Balance of Shareholder Interests During the Consolidation of Shares 1 Andrei Bushev and Vladimir

Heidi Stockhaus

The new free trade agreement with the European Union will bring Vietnam’s economic integration to a new level once it enters into force. In the past, the associated economic growth has led to environmental deterioration due to inappropriate regulations and poor enforcement. Currently, environmental problems are visible everywhere and attract the attention of citizens as well as lawmakers. The new free trade agreement establishes a framework for sustainable development in the context of trade and investment. The relevant provisions aim to maintain Vietnam’s right to regulate for the targeted protection level, require the country to take measures to mitigate the pressure on the environment, and open the door for cooperation with the European Union. However, it remains to be seen, whether these provisions balance the risks associated with the increase in trade and investment through the free trade agreement.

Stefan Möckel

/ha (70 kg/ha from 2028 on) has not yet been achieved. Figure 1 Nitrogen soil surface balance for Germany (kt) Source: own illustration according to data from bmel 14 Agriculture in Germany also emits considerable amounts of nitrogen into the air. In 2017, agricultural soils and livestock farming

Topi Turunen

. This article examines two questions: 1. To what extent can the additional control measures on waste be deconstructed through the regulation of EoW? 2. What is the optimal balance between legislation that has an enabling effect and the precautionary option? Section 1.2 further analyses the

Grigory Vaypan

bona vacantia property …, that may not affect pecuniary and non-pecuniary rights of private individuals, including good faith buyers of residential premises. 15 Second, the Judgment of 22 June 2017 No 16-P is built on the human rights idea of a ‘fair balance’ between the public interest and