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Negotiating the International Criminal Court

New York to Rome, 1994-1998

Fanny Benedetti, Karine Bonneau and John Washburn

This is the story and analysis of the unforeseen and astonishing success of negotiations by many countries to create a permanent international court to try atrocities. In 1998, 120 countries astounded observers worldwide and themselves by adopting the Rome Statute for an International Criminal Court. From this event began important and unprecedented changes in international relations and law.
This book is for those who want to know and understand the reasons and the story behind these historic negotiations or for those who may wonder how apparently conventional United Nations negotiations became so unusual and successful. This book is both for those who seek detailed legislative history, scholars or practitioners in international law and relations and those simply curious about how the Court came about.

Laura-Stella Eposi Enonchong

, the judiciary is structured in a way that makes it wholly accountable to the executive to the point that independence is severely compromised. In the light of these observations, the article explores possible approaches to achieving a more appropriate balance between independence and accountability


Frederik Dhondt

Balance of Power and Norm Hierarchy: Franco-British Diplomacy after the Peace of Utrecht offers a detailed study of French and British diplomacy in the age of ‘Walpole and Fleury’. After Louis XIV’s decease, European international relations were dominated by the collaboration between James Stanhope and Guillaume Dubois. Their alliance focused on the amendment and enlargement of the peace treaties of Utrecht, Rastatt and Baden. In-depth analysis of vast archival material uncovers the practical legal arguments used between Hampton Court and Versailles. ‘Balance of Power’ or ‘Tranquillity of Europe’ were in fact metaphors for the predominance of treaty law even over the most fundamental municipal norms. An implacable logic of norm hierarchy allowed to consolidate peace in Europe.

Sam Pack

ihl and argues that balancing military necessity and humanitarian concerns requires some degree of protection from attack for child soldiers. However, it rejects Mégret’s proposal as problematic in several respects and instead proposes a degree of protection for the youngest and most vulnerable of


John Dugard

The secession of States is subject to legal regulation. The arguments presented by States in the advisory proceedings on Kosovo confirm that
there are rules of international law that determine whether the secession of a State in the post-colonial world is permissible. These rules derive
from the competing principles of self-determination and territorial integrity. In deciding whether to recognize a secessionist entity as a
State, or to admit it to the United Nations, States must balance these competing principles, with due regard to precedent and State practice.
These lectures examine cases in which secession has succeeded (such as Israel and Bangladesh), in which it has failed (such as Biafra and
Chechnya) and in which a determination is still to be made (Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia).

administration] Ley de contabilidad y administración financiera. Ley No. 17.213, Diario Oficial (7 Oct 1999). Spanish.   [Accountability and budget execution balance] Ley de rendición de cuentas y balance de ejecución presupuestal. Ley No. 18.834, Diario Oficial (17

the basis for the rule of law in India.  India’s legal system is grounded in a system of checks and balances on the exercise of power.  The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, but may be amend...

The Law of Nations in Early American Foreign Policy

Theory and Practice from the Revolution to the Monroe Doctrine


Willem Theo Oosterveld

In The Law of Nations in Early American Foreign Policy, Willem Theo Oosterveld provides the first general study of international law as interpreted and applied by the generation of the Founding Fathers. A mostly neglected aspect in the historiography of the early republic, this study argues that international law was in fact an integral part of the Revolutionary creed.

Taking the reader from colonial debates about the law of nations to the discussions about slavery in the early 19th century, this study shows the zest of the Founders to conduct foreign policy on the basis of treatises such as Vattel’s The Law of Nations. But it also highlights the deep ambiguities and sometimes personal struggles that arose when applying international law.