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Edited by Rolf H. Bremmer Jr., Stephen Laker and Oebele Vries

Like its two predecessors, Aspects of Old Frisian Philology (1990) and Approaches to Old Frisian Philology (1998), Advances in Old Frisian Philology combines contributions by specialists of medieval Frisian studies with papers by international specialists from adjacent fields who have been invited for the occasion to bring their expertise to the discipline of Old Frisian. Together, the diverse approaches considerably advance our knowledge of and insight into various aspects of Old Frisian philology.

Martin Kern

committee’s need for global balance, which requires to acknowledge others first: not other authors and not even literature in other languages , but other nations , as if Mo Yan now stands not so much for “Chinese literature” but for the literature of the People’s Republic of China, just as the CCP

Ockham's Assumption of Mental Speech

Thinking in a World of Particulars


Sonja Schierbaum

In Ockham’s Assumption of Mental Speech: Thinking in a World of Particulars, Sonja Schierbaum advances a detailed philosophical reconstruction of William Ockham’s (1287-1349) conception of mental speech. Ockham’s conception provides a rich account of cognition and semantics that binds together various philosophical issues and forms a point of departure for many later and even contemporary debates. The book analyses the role of mental speech for the semantics and the use of linguistic expressions as well as its function within Ockham’s cognitive theory and epistemology. Carefully balancing Ockham’s position against contemporary appropriations in the light of Fodor’s LOTH, it allows us to understand better Ockham’s view on human thought and its relation to language.

Multimodal positioning and reference in argumentative talk-in-interaction

Balancing context-dependency and context-independency

Jérôme Jacquin

that participant. From a rhetorical perspective, by using the multimodal strategy analyzed hereafter, the arguer strikes a balance between argumentation as being designed for a specific audience and argumentation as being framed for a “universal audience” (Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca, 1958). In


Pragmatic insights for multimodal argumentation

Assimakis Tseronis and Chiara Pollaroli

meetings make in order to refer to the opposite side and to position themselves in relation to it. The aim is to understand the role played by those embodied conducts in balancing indexicality (context-dependency) and generality (context-independency). Jacquin shows that it is the combinations of various

Argumentation, Relevance Theory and persuasion

An analysis of onomatopoeia in Japanese publications using manga stylistics

Olivia Rohan, Ryoko Sasamoto and Rebecca Jackson

. Relevance is defined as a balance between the processing effort required for interpretation and the cognitive effects recovered as a result of interpretation. On the one hand, the more cognitive effects the hearer can recover while interpreting an utterance, the more relevant the utterance is. On the other

Francisco Yus

other countries in which there are feminist jokes to counter-attack this dominance, in Russia there seems to be no balancing of this kind of sexist joke (149). Nevertheless, some examples of jokes that contradict existing stereotypes are provided on pages 162f. I found particularly interesting the

Pilar Garcés-Conejos Blitvich

broadcasting. Th e goal is to achieve a balance between their neutralistic stance and adversarialness. Impolite behav- iour, thus, would occur when the balance would be inclined towards adver- sarialness. How much adversarialness is needed for that to happen is, once again, a matter of situated assessments. My

Zohreh R. Eslami, Nasser Jabbari and Li-Jen Kuo

it out?” to substantiate her claim that her spirit is sensitive. Adopting a playful and ironic style in her verbal response, the recipient of the compliment seems to be creating a balance between modesty and agreement. 3.1.3. Accept: Downgrading the Compliment Adopting this

Francesca Ervas and Elisabetta Gola

“when there is a balance between reasonableness and effectiveness, visual images can be considered as successfully displaying a visual argument. But when effectiveness […] gets the better of reasonableness, visual images are mainly persuasive” (p. 37). However the author recognises that it is often