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Josef van Ess

himself taking responsibility for everything he had done on earth.See p. 513 above. He would be handed a scroll on which all his actions were inscribed, and depending on the balance he would take it with...

Josef van Ess

In Volume 4 | Part D, Summary of the History of the Subject Matter | Chapter 5, Theology and Society | 5.0 previous chapter It must be emphasised once again that establishing this precarious balance took time. In the two centuries discussed here the Khārijite takfīr and the Murjiʾte tabdīʿ were

Saïd Amir Arjomand

equipment of the army. 39. Their expenditure should be lower than their revenue. Anyone whose expenditure exceeds his income is a fool. Anyone who balances the two is not a fool, but neither is he wise. . . . 25 44. They should be informed about their confidants and servants to assure the latter do not

Saïd Amir Arjomand

trampled upon by the Pahlavi state. Total exclusion from the political order obviated the need for any realistic acknowledgement of the balance of political and clerical power, while the clergy’s isolation from the Western-oriented political and bureaucratic elite precluded the making of any concessions to

Monika Brodnicka

/acquisition of certain daliluw , which can serve to cure or to sicken. All blacksmiths’ activities of healing and sorcery show the importance of the connection between the material and the spiritual worlds. These activities particularly show the effort of blacksmiths to maintain balance within society

Saïd Amir Arjomand

Shah ʿAbbās I, the Great (1587–1629), the haphazard earlier forms of Muharram mourning were transformed into carnevalesque rituals of transgression promoted by the Safavid “theatre state.” (Rahimi 2012:217–34) ʿAbbās I ’s state-building by counter-balancing the Qezelbāsh tribal contingents with a

Siena de Ménonville

. They are fed by the community and given alms. 23 Cf. Messay 1999, 185. 24 I translate this as ‘healer’ although the Amharic word that Rodinson cites is yadïnal , which comes from the word dehna meaning ‘well’ or ‘good’. Thus yadïnal means to ‘become well/good’ or to ‘restore the balance’. 25 Mercier

Ana Luiza de Oliveira e Silva

balance: “Therefore, across Qurʾān and Christianity’s morality, ‘Africanity’ moves to the vigorous rhythm of animism, in direct contact with our century’s dynamism, equally Atlantic and Mediterranean or Indian, open to all the ideas and all the influences. It will provide […] a formula of synthesis, a