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Waiting for Hard Balancing?

Explaining Southeast Asia’s Balancing Behaviour towards China

Moch Faisal Karim and Tangguh Chairil

distribution of power. 4 Contrary to their prediction, those who study international security are puzzled by the continuity of stable peace in East Asia since the end of the Cold War. For realists, one of the major questions regarding East Asia is: why is no apparent hard balancing behaviour being conducted

Hafford

MESOPOTAMIAN MENSURATION BALANCE PAN WEIGHTS FROM NIPPUR 1 BY W.B. HAFFORD* Abstract Balance pan weights are used in both manufacture and trade and therefore are a correlate of economic activity. Ancient examples can provide insight into the nature and extent of ancient economies. Many ancient

Stephen A. Douglas

"Centrality" and "Balance" in Southeast Asia: Official Ideologies and Regional Crisis Stephen A. Douglas University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign In this paper, it is argued that the concepts of "centre" and "balance" have a conspicuous presence in the universe of Southeast Asian political

Taube, Markus

The balance of payments (BOP) is a value table for all economic transactions conducted within a certain period of time (usually one year) between residents and foreigners (flow figures). It is divided into various balance sheets: The current account records the import and export of goods, services

Girirāj Kiśor's Yātrāeṁ

A Hindi Novel Analysed

Series:

Theo Damsteegt

This book is one of the first to present a detailed analytic study of a novel written in Hindi. Its in-depth analysis of the complete text of Kiśor’s Yātrāeṁ (1971) is based on narratology and a study of connotations and cultural background. The extensive introduction - especially into narratology - and the inclusion of the integral Hindi text of the novel together with a Hindi-English glossary and word index allow the reader, not only to follow the analysis in all its detail but also to use the book as a practical example of how modern Hindi prose literature may be analysed.

Yātrāeṁ is no exception to a trend in modern Hindi novel writing to focus on individual experience and on love and sexual relationships, but its concentration on the way in which a man experiences his wedding night and honeymoon lends it a special character. It is the groom himself who narrates and interprets the couple’s lack of success in fully consummating the marriage. Since he is personally involved in the events, his account is highly subjective, and it is left to the reader to find out what could be the real cause of the events. Reviews of Yātrāeṁ propose diverse interpretations, which are all based on intuitive readings. This book shows how a systematic analysis of the text leads to a different interpretation.

The analysis highlights how conscious and unconscious ideas about gender roles, activeness and passiveness, dominance, passion, control, and balance determine the man’s behaviour towards the woman. As observed in the Introduction, the philosophy of disinterested action as taught by the Bhagavadgītā is found to be relevant even today.

Doosadee Thaitakoo

Disagreements about conservation and development in town centres of historic cities may emerge in a society because different interests have diverse wants in city conservation and development. If not reconciled, these can lead to unfavourable effects on historic towns/cities: urban development may threaten their special character and/or conservation restrictions may make town centres unattractive for investment. Observing these difficulties in the Thai historic cities, this research explores how the desires for conservation and development can be balanced in two historic towns in Ayutthaya, a World Heritage site in Thailand. Main points for discussions: 1) Conservation and development in historic town centres 2) Key concepts for balancing conservation with development including sustainability, viability and physical capacity. 3) The issues of conservation and development in Thailand, particularly in Ayutthaya. 4) A way to balance conservation and development in the case studies towns-Hua Ror and Chao Prom. The research confirms that city conservation is a public concern as well as a technical matter. This points to a significant role for stakeholders in increasing the acceptability and practicality of city conservation/development policy and its implementation.

Guneratne, Arjun

has changed the balance of their religious practice and the role of the various ritual specialists who mediate between the worlds of human beings, deities, and spirits. However, some aspects of this cult...

" Brill’s North-China Daily News database is extremely impressive. It presents very clear scanned images of newspapers on a user-friendly operating system.” -- Xiang Fen Ph.D., Associate Researcher, Journalism and Communication Institute, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

" An invaluable primary source for historical research on the modern period, especially China … This new Online Primary Source will enable far-reaching historical research and encourage the spirit of scholarly enquiry among historians of modern East Asia.” -- Liu Wennan Ph.D., Associate Researcher, Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

" This expanded collection is an essential source for scholars of the history of international relations in pre- and immediate post-war East Asia … This database set provides not only the daily edition, but also substantial holdings of the weekend magazines, supplements, the Municipal Gazette and books and pamphlets from the newspaper’s imprint.” -- Professor Dr. Sven Saaler, Sophia University, Japan

" An excellent additional resource. Its great value lies in the more ephemeral material not included in the Herald: in particular advertisements (of all kinds), and announcements … What you get is much more depth and texture, and also a much firmer sense of key events unfolding.” -- Professor Robert Bickers, University of Bristol

Brill’s relaunched and expanded North-China Daily News is great news for scholars of China and East Asia from the 1860s to the mid-19th century. Except for a wartime break, 1941-45, this was the most influential and informative English-language daily in East Asia. Even though it serves as a catalogue of the sins of the West in the ‘century of national humiliation’, ca.1839-1949, it is the unwitting journal of record for China’s recovery of full nationhood as it struggled against foreign incursions, warlordism, chaos, invasion and civil war to the unification of October 1949.

Extra content
North-China Daily News has a greatly expanded run of the Daily edition from 1869-1949 and some terrific extras, including unique colour holdings of the Sunday Magazine and Special Supplements, a significant run of the Municipal Gazette, organ of the Shanghai Municipal Council from 1908-1940, and a terrific selection of rare books and pamphlets from the imprint of the North-China Daily News and its parent publisher, the North-China Herald.

Uniquely broad and outspoken news coverage
The North-China Daily News is far more than an expanded form of the North-China Herald. This busy daily published around 70 percent more news than the Herald, 70 per cent more pictorial and advertising content, and around 40 percent more textual content overall. But the North-China Daily News was far more than an expanded version of the North-China Herald, because a great deal of the North-China Daily News material was unique and not republished in the Herald.

The social economy
The “Old Lady of the Bund”, as it was known to Shanghai residents, tracked all key news developments and commercial news both in China and throughout East Asia. It recorded the social life of the foreign settlements in photographs and editorial comment. It records the frenetic economy of Shanghai and the ‘Outports’ with hard-working classified ads and Personal and Wanted Notices. It advised its readers on their book choices, ushering in the moves and modern music in the Cinema and entertainment pages. There were Woman’s Pages on Mondays and Thursdays. The full-colour illustrated North China Sunday News Magazines are a unique record of settler China at ease. The Correspondence pages ran excitable and heated reader’s exchanges, most written anonymously.

Published here in full colour 300 ppi scans from original issues and grayscale, this collection offers also offers the only complete run of the works of “Sapajou”, arguably the greatest of all Shanghai’s topical artists, during his tenure at the North-China Daily News, 1923-1941. Sources: Waseda University, British Library, and Private Collection

Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS, 2003. Volume 12: Buddhism Beyond the Monastery

Tantric Practices and their Performers in Tibet and the Himalayas

Series:

Edited by Sarah Jacoby and Antonio Terrone

Monasteries have been the locus classicus of the academic investigation of Tibetan religions. This volume seeks to balance this emphasis with an exploration of the diverse religious specialists who operate outside of the monastery in Tibet and along the Himalayan belt. The articles collected here depict Tantric professionals, visionaries, village lamas, spirit mediums, and female religious leaders whose loyalties reside in the noncelibate sphere but whose activities have had a significant impact on Tibetan religion. Using methodologies drawn from anthropological and textual scholarship, these seven essays bolster our understanding of religious practices and their performers beyond the monasteries of Central and Eastern Tibet, Bhutan, and India from historical times to the present day.