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In: Alexis de Tocqueville
The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in the Age of Genetic Engineering
This book provides an overview of different ethical views on animal experimentation. Special attention is given to the production and experimental use of genetically modified animals. It proposes a middle course between those positions that are very critical and those very positive. This middle course implies that animal experiments originating in vital human research interests are commonly justified, provided that animal welfare is taken seriously. Some animal experiments are not acceptable, since the expected human benefit is too low and the animal suffering too severe. This position is supported by an argument from species care according to which we have special obligations to our children and other humans due to special relations. The book tries to bridge the gap between animal ethics and animal welfare science by discussing various conceptions of animal welfare: function-centered, feeling-based, and those focusing on natural living. The theoretical starting-point is “imaginative casuistry.” This approach stresses the role of moral imagination and metaphor in ethical deliberation, accepts a plurality of values, and recognizes the importance of case-by-case balancing. In the discussion of genetically modified animals, both intrinsic ethical concerns and animal welfare concerns are addressed.
Ethical and social consequences of neuroscientific progress
Advances in the neurosciences have ethical and social implications which need careful consideration from an interdisciplinary perspective: The present book allows readers with different backgrounds gaining a better understanding of recent progress in the neurosciences and their implications. It first introduces to thinking in applied ethics and offers an approach that does justice to challenges from the neurosciences. State-of-the-art scientific work is discussed with respect to its implications for the individual and society. Methods of brain monitoring are explained looking at potentials and limitations as well as at implications of applications. Second, the wide field of brain manipulation is analysed with a focus on psychopharmacological enhancement. The discussion includes investigation of our capacity to handle the options opened to us, safety issues, the role of social pressures, equality of opportunity and distributive justice, as well as questions of the concept of normality, authenticity and naturalness. The book highlights crucial challenges for the individual, policy, law, and society emerging from neuroscientific and neurotechnological advances.The approach avoids problematic neuro-reductionism and is aware of promises and perils of neuroscientific progress. It thus balances overly sceptical with overenthusiastic positions by offering a profound analysis of scientific and ethical issues.
This book shows quantum learning is the resource that unites parts into wholes and then wholes into continually larger wholes. Just as quantum computers can regard sub-atomic particles as a wave and as particles, quantum learning can understand learners as simultaneously nondual (whole) and dual (part). The study includes a reconsideration of clarity in expression and thought

durch ein Maß, einer Orientierung durch ein Ziel und einer Balance durch die richtige Mitte; sie braucht die Ordnung durch die Vernunft, denn die Vernunft ist nicht an den Reiz des Augenblicks gebunden und kann darum weiter sehen. Diese vernünftige Ordnung ist eine Tugend und hat den Namen „temperantia

In: 10 Minuten Philosophie

gegenwärtigen Ästhetik großes Gewicht; schwieriger ist, dabei zwischen einem Biologismus der Mimesis und gegenläufig einer Überbetonung der Reflexionsleistung der Künste eine Balance zu halten. Dass ich diese Linie des Denkens bei Cavell weiterverfolgt habe, hat vor allen Dingen den Grund, dass in dessen

In: Ästhetisches Verstehen

aus Körper, Geist und Seele aus der Balance sei. Doch es gibt noch einen dritten, wesentlich profaneren Aspekt, weshalb lebensbedrohliche Krankheiten aus den Gesprächen des Alltags verschwunden sind: Bestseller-Autor John Green brachte es in The Fault in our stars 16 treffend auf den Punkt

In: 10 Minuten Philosophie

history has to offer to the human being. Animals mirror human beings and their perfection: not by telling humans who they are, but in displaying a harmonious balance or economy of forces and special organs or means to ends, thereby, on Herder’s view, pointing to the human entitlement to citizenship in a

In: Perfektionismus der Autonomie

einer einzigen Schrotkugel den Flieger in Balance zu halten, zu trimmen. Zu lackieren gab es nichts, Flügel und Rumpf hatten einen dunkelroten Aufdruck – das war es schon. Der Fan faszinierte, nicht nur, weil er einfach flog. Er fächerte regelrecht aus in der Fantasie – das englische ‘to fan out’ klang

In: Die Gegenstände unserer Kindheit

Individuum begründet, einer Einschreibung, der es ungeachtet der Masse an Entschleunigungs- und Achtsamkeitsdiskursen oder Auseinandersetzungen über die richtige Life-Work-Balance nicht entgehen kann. Jede Gesellschaft disponiert ihre Mitglieder zu einer historisch-kulturell spezifischen Form der

In: Kritik des Postfaktischen