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Claire Taylor

, and the use of exile as the punishment of choice maintained civic order. Self-regulation is key here: the careful balancing of individual interests in the context of a competitive political culture with an ideology of equality within an elite group was the central tension of all oligarchic regimes

Siobhán McElduff

Duties in particular, looking at the specific officia that Cicero saw as binding politicians, and by drawing on a range of forensic speeches and treatises. Chapter Three, ‘Rhetoric as a Balancing of Ends: Cicero and Machiavelli’ brings Cicero and Machiavelli’s political theorizing closer together

James Warren

very rarely offers any positive argument to provide the balance for the overall isostheneia his official method requires. Usually, it is said that this is because the various disciplines themselves provide those positive arguments and Sextus’ task is therefore exclusively to add weight to the other

Daniela Cammack

in the ancient world and today, comes not from the supposed ignorance or incompetence of ordinary people, or from a lack of ideal speech situations, or from inadequate constitutional checks and balances, but from elite capture of the political system. Our disagreements are much less significant than

Lynette Mitchell

210; id. Greek Political Imagery from Homer to Aristotle (London & New York: Bloomsbury, 2013), p. 92. 3 See J. Ober, The Athenian Revolution. Essays on Ancient Greek Democracy and Political Theory (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999), pp. 32-52. 4 On balance it seems unlikely that the

Thomas Uebel

positivist confinement he was previously held in but rather, as we shall see, his attainment of a balance between scientific and humanist demands on history that his previous efforts had failed to achieve. 3 Danto on History 1953–1956 The autobiography notes that his first published philosophy paper “was an

Quentin Taylor

Ernest Barker is best remembered for his study of Plato and his Predecessors (1918), yet his early efforts to mine Greek political theory for relevant insights centred on Aristotle.While not as original as his teacher, Aristotle represents a significant advance in political science, first, by avoiding Plato’s extremes, second, by forwarding a naturalistic and ethical vision of civic life, and finally, by adopting a pragmatic approach to improving ‘deviant’ regimes. Both thinkers serve as a foil for exposing the shortcomings of modern politics, particularly the atomistic individualism of Hobbes, Locke, and Bentham. Unlike Plato, Aristotle exhibits an ‘English spirit’ of compromise, moderation, and balance, although from a distinctly Burkean perspective. Barker’s sympathies did not, however, blind him to the ‘reactionary’, ‘primitive’, and ‘illiberal’ aspects of Aristotle’s teaching. His failure to reconcile these discordant elements—culminating in a quixotic call for an ‘aristocratic democracy’ — merely echoed the ambiguity and equivocation that marked his treatment of Plato. Barker maintained a grudging respect for Plato, but knew he was politically incorrigible. Aristotle showed farmore promise, but in the end could not be made to fit the mould of the Edwardian progressive.

Rosanna Lauriola and Enrico Magnelli

and the certainly spurious Rhesus ) on one scale, and the eleven Aristophanic comedies on the other – though the bulk of comic fragments might, to some extent, produce a different picture. But that is not the point. What is worth stressing is that balance was not our priority: we had not planned to

Dean Hammer

balance, characterizing the Roman constitution as a configuration of custom, law, and right. Atkins uses Polybius to tour Roman political institutions and procedures, suggesting the limits of Polybius’ analysis as well as differentiating Polybius from Cicero in their conceptions of the Roman constitution

Luke William Hunt

see the beginning of a theme in Books i and ii : The purpose of the law is to paternalistically balance the different aspects of the citizen’s life. In Book i , the purpose of the law is to maximize both the welfare interests – or human benefits – in a person’s life and the moral interests – or