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Ockham's Assumption of Mental Speech

Thinking in a World of Particulars

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Sonja Schierbaum

In Ockham’s Assumption of Mental Speech: Thinking in a World of Particulars, Sonja Schierbaum advances a detailed philosophical reconstruction of William Ockham’s (1287-1349) conception of mental speech. Ockham’s conception provides a rich account of cognition and semantics that binds together various philosophical issues and forms a point of departure for many later and even contemporary debates. The book analyses the role of mental speech for the semantics and the use of linguistic expressions as well as its function within Ockham’s cognitive theory and epistemology. Carefully balancing Ockham’s position against contemporary appropriations in the light of Fodor’s LOTH, it allows us to understand better Ockham’s view on human thought and its relation to language.

Marina Terkourafi

efficiency has been identified with clarity rather than with economy (balancing ends and means). The emphasis on clarity, in turn, seems to be inherited from a positivistic preoccupation with truth and the avoidance of ambiguity 5 rather than motivated by a concern with human communication. If we are

Classifying Prosocial Lies

An Empirical Approach

Melanie Hornung

depends solely on the speaker’s wants, and “refers to cases in communication where the need to protect and enhance one’s own face influences what one says and the way she says it” (Chen, 2001: 88), whereas politeness involves “achieving an ‘ideal’ balance between the addressee’s face and the speaker

From text to scheme

Problems in identifying arguments from expert opinion

Douglas Walton and Marcin Koszowy

scheme for argument from expert opinion. The term ‘expert’ is not used, suggesting that on a balance of interpretation might be better to qualify the argument as one fitting the scheme for argument from position to know, but not fitting the more specific scheme for argument from expert opinion. There are

What’s really going on with the ham sandwich?

An investigation into the nature of referential metonymy

Josephine Bowerman

complex. Note that here, the effort required from the speaker for articulation is pertinent too: although the speaker’s utterance should be clear and unambiguous if she is to successfully communicate her intended message to her audience, she must balance this need for clarity and explicitness with the