Jason C. Bivins

peppering their writings with rhetorical justifications that sound exciting, daring even: ideas are contested, agon is celebrated, books look outward to “margins” and inward to “cracks.” Couched within this discourse is a story Religious Studies tells of its movement beyond “belief,” a category declared

Kathryn Lofton

In Postmodern Belief: American Literature and Religion Since 1960 (2010), literary critic Amy Hungerford asked, “Can we do without belief ?” Through close readings of work by Allen Ginsberg, Don DeLillo, and Marilynne Robinson, Hungerford answers, quite simply, “no.” Recent works of American

Marco Antonio Joven-Romero

. Williams’s (1970) statement “belief aims at truth” is basic to recent epistemic approaches that study the links between belief, truth, and pragmatic considerations ( Chan 2013; Teorema 2013 ). In this paper I consider three main positions: an epistemic one saying that beliefs aim at truth; a pragmatic one

Beliefs about Future Curriculum

How Avoidance Emotions Affect Curriculum Choice in Science

Amy Wagler and Ron Wagler

raised to reduce the chance that threatened taxa are overlooked for conservation action” (Snaddon & Turner, 2007 , p. 33). In educational settings, it may be that emotions of avoidance affect beliefs about what should or should not be included in a science curriculum. Allowing emotions of avoidance to

T.M. Luhrmann

Belief has always struck me as the wrong question, especially when it is offered as a diagnostic for determining the realness of the gods. ROBERT ORSI , Between Heaven and Earth ∵ Faith is about seeing the world as it is and experiencing it—to some extent—as the world as it

Carles Salazar

1 Introduction Understanding belief is undoubtedly one of the central topics of research in the scientific study of religion, specifically, research undertaken from a cognitive and evolutionary point of view. Traditional cognitive approaches to religious belief tended to emphasize

Jonathan Jong

Beliefs are Object-attribute Associations of Varying Strength Since Russell’s lectures on logical atomism, philosophers have commonly argued that a belief is a propositional attitude: in particular, it is the attitude that the proposition in question is true (e.g., Bogdan 1986; Dawes 2013

Edited by Tore Lindholm, W.Cole Durham Jr. and Bahia Tahzib-Lie

As the world enters the 21st Century, the challenges in implementing freedom of religion or belief grow more complex and more acute. How can the internationally recognized norms regarding freedom of religion or belief be meaningful for all – women and men, majorities and minorities, established religions and new religious movements, parents and children? How can tolerance, mutual respect and understanding be globally expanded? How does freedom of religion or belief relate to other human rights?
Launched by the Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief, this deskbook anthology is designed as a single-volume resource for all who are concerned with facilitating improved global compliance with international standards in this vital area.
The varied and diverse topics addressed by over fifty global experts in the field provide a rich weave of many threads. The book addresses historical and philosophical background on religious human rights, applicable international norms and the international procedural mechanisms for safeguarding these norms. It surveys central areas of controversy, including registration of religious and belief organizations, emerging debates on religion and gender, parental and children’s rights, new religious movements, proselytism, and conscientious objection. Other chapters describe practical approaches to promoting tolerance and understanding through education, inter-religious dialogue, joint religious efforts addressing shared social problems, and conflict resolution initiatives. The volume also provides practical information regarding networking and other background issues that can help translate understanding of the applicable norms and procedures into action. Appendices provide texts of major international instruments on freedom of religion or belief.

Bosco B. Bae

I Introduction To paraphrase Rodney Needham ( 1972 ): belief is dead. The anthropologist famously declared that the concept of belief should be abandoned as a critical category and tool of analysis for the study of religion. Like many great scholars, the conclusion has taken precedent over

Gail Fine

cognitive attitude toward a given content that falls short of knowledge counts as ignorance” (p. 30). Hence belief, including true belief, counts as a kind of ignorance. Vogt contrasts the binary distinction with a tri-partite distinction she finds in the Meno and later dialogues between ignorance, belief