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The Tūqāy-Tīmūrid Takeover of Greater Mā Warā al-Nahr, 1598-1605
Author: Thomas Welsford
At the turn of the seventeenth century, a new dynastic party established authority across Central Asia. In Four Types of Loyalty in Early Modern Central Asia, Thomas Welsford offers the first detailed account of how and why this happened. By examining some of the ways in which various social groupings helped to facilitate the Tūqāy-Tīmūrids’ acquisition of power, Welsford considers how such an instance of dynastic change might reflect the shifting loyalties, beliefs and preferences of an often overlooked wider subject population.
The Interpenetration of Cultures at the Edge of the Hellenic World
Author: Esther Jacobson
This volume considers the art of the Scythians of the northern littoral of the Black Sea, as that art was expressed in gold, silver, bronze, and bone. Appearing by the seventh century B.C. at the edge of an expanding Hellenic world, the history and art of the Scythians must be considered within a context that recognizes the sources of Scythian culture in the Eurasian Steppe as well as the historical contingency of West Asia and the Greek colonies. By approaching the understanding of artistic traditions in terms of an evolving process, rooted in an archaic steppe culture but ultimately shaped by the confrontation of Near Eastern, Hellenic and Hellenistic tastes, this discussion goes beyond the traditional location of Scythian art as a subset of Greek goldwork. Particular consideration is given to the gradual transformation of object types and styles, from their reflection of archaic zoomorphic representations in carved bone, wood and bronze, to traditions expressive of Hellenized tastes and sensibilities, in gold and silver. By examining in detail individual objects, as well as classes of objects, this volume articulates a specifically Scythian stylistic and iconographic tradition, and a specifically Scythian contribution to the working of precious metals, related to but ultimately distinguishable from the goldworking traditions of Achaemenid Iran, late Classical Greece, and the larger Hellenistic world.
This volume offers substantial bibliography relating to the extensive research on Scythian art, archaeology, and history, published in the Russian and Ukrainian languages over the last 150 years.

The article focuses on folk beliefs related to the cult of plants and particularly that of the mandrake in the Eastern Caucasus, revealed predominantly in folk magical procedures. The research is based on field materials, including those reflected in relevant publications, as well as on sporadic data found in historical sources.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
The Political and Religious Culture of Early Tibet
Author: Michael Walter
This book convincingly reassesses the role of political institutions in the introduction of Buddhism under the Tibetan Empire (c. 620-842), showing how relationships formed in the Imperial period underlie many of the unique characteristics of traditional Tibetan Buddhism. Taking original sources as a point of departure, the author persuasively argues that later sources hitherto used for the history of early Tibetan Buddhism in fact project later ideas backward, thus distorting our view of its enculturation.
Following the pattern of Buddhism’s spread elsewhere in Asia, the early Tibetan imperial court realized how useful normative Buddhist concepts were.
This work clearly shows that, while some beliefs and practices per se changed after the Tibetan Empire, the model of socio-political-religious leadership developed in that earlier period survived its demise and still constitutes a significant element in contemporary Tibetan Buddhist religious culture.

Author: Ivan Sablin

that rituals are not expressing any presumed underlying (national) beliefs, but in fact producing ‘new identities, collectivities, chronologies, and cosmologies’ (p. 4). Exploring the different conceptions of time and space and subjectivity in the multi-layered religious and civil setting of Buryatia

In: Inner Asia
Author: Dulam Bumochir

cosmology or belief ( itgel ünemshil ) (see also Bruun 2006, 232; Marin 2010, 164; Sneath 2001, 45–6; Upton 2010, 305). He repeatedly uses three key expressions: khüi elgen sadan [umbilical liver relatives], baigaliin khuuli [law of nature] and Mönkh Tenger [Eternal Heaven]. The first term khüi elgen

In: Inner Asia
Author: Anna Sehnalova

. Nevertheless, during the process of Buddhicisation of the Tibetan indigenous beliefs, both the deity and the site have been reinterpreted in Buddhist terms and cosmology. 3 The god A-myes-rma-chen has been identified with various Buddhist deities and the mountain has acquired a pilgrimage circumambulation

In: Inner Asia

of the Evenk in a historical-genetic study and the problem of the origin of the primitive beliefs]. Moscow, Leningrad : Izd Akad. Nauk . Anuchin , Vasilii Ivanovich . 1914 . Ocherk shamanstva u eniseiskih ostiakov [Feature article on shamanism among the Enisei Ostiak]. Sbornik muzeia

In: Inner Asia
Author: Richard Taupier

as well (Atwood 2004: 150). Oyirod and Mongol principalities were the product of a long-enduring system of aristocracy (Sneath 2007). That system was based on the belief that a limited number of white bone lineages were blessed by the eternal blue sky with the power to rule others (Di Cosmo 2002

In: Inner Asia