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Series:

Richard Lang and Mark Bell

origin, religion or belief, age, sexual orientation, and disability. Since the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009, Article 13 ec has been replaced by Article 19 tfeu , which – with a few technical exceptions – is identical. It is of course wrong to suggest that these statuses

Series:

William Allen Brant

citizen of the usa . It maintained that slavery was legally permissible anywhere in the nation (Allen, 2006, p. 1). Black people in America strove to thoroughly challenge the distinctions made that allowed the refusals of sales of goods and services to any people based on race, beliefs, and other factors

Robert T. Radford

This book presents Cicero's natural law theory, including valuable definitions of the state, the ideal state, the ideal ruler, and the laws for the ideal state. Explanations are offered of the Greek sources of Cicero's republican philosophy, his influence on the Principate of Augustus, and his role in the development of modern political philosophy. As all the ages of the world have not produced a greater statesman and philosopher united than Cicero, his authority should have great weight (John Adams, 1787).

Series:

William Allen Brant

. Mistaking individuals or groups as being “fearful” or “cowardly” seems to involve misunderstandings of their goal-directed behaviors, beliefs, desires, and expectations. Misrecognitions of fears would lead misrecognizers to presume that groups or individuals will, or would, respond to threats and dangers

Series:

William Allen Brant

-founded and practical for the functions of societal subsystems (e.g., transportation, education and economic subsystems). The outright presumptions, beliefs in, and expectations about the current existence of societal stabilization disallow certain analyses. Certain analyses are prevented from proceeding

Law

Series:

Vincent Luizzi

of the norm-guided conduct of the citizen to define law, Kahn speaks in terms of citizens having a constellation of beliefs that they express in their actions to convey his insight that law is ‘something we do.’ Says Kahn: To live under the rule of law is to maintain a set of beliefs about the self

Series:

Sara Lagi

of democracy, humility was the true point of contact between religion and democracy. In response, Kelsen observed that, if a government adopted a policy of tolerance toward other religions, this decision was not determined by the religious belief in the absolute but by a rational wish to maintain

Series:

William Allen Brant

the best interests of some of the supporters’ own social groups with which they identify themselves. People often justify and thereby encourage and support the law to maintain and thereby promote the continual formation of beliefs, which may very well function effectively to stabilize our own

Series:

Peter Langford and Ian Bryan

The necessity of the Alexyan connection between rational justification and cognition or knowledge of injustice dissolves, for Raz, with the recognition that the relationship between rationality and knowledge is complicated by the presence of the notion of belief. The interrelationship of rationality

Series:

Maurizio Cau

apparent marginality of the notion of history in Kelsen’s theory, [in the Austrian jurist] there is not any explicit or thematized philosophy of history, and yet at the basis of his thinking there is an odd combination of the philosophy of history and philosophy of science; there is therefore a belief in