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Propositions

Semantic and Ontological Issues

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Edited by Massimiliano Carrara and Elisabetta Sacchi

This special issue of GPS collects 11 papers (and a long introduction), by leading philosophers and young researchers, which tackle more or less from close the topic of propositions by trying to provide the reader with a cross-section of the ongoing debate in this area. The raised issues range over the semantics, the ontology, the epistemology, and the philosophy of mathematics and stimulate the reader to reflect on crucial problems such as the following: are propositions objects? In the positive case, what kind of objects are they? Can they be grasped by cognitive creatures such as we are? When can we say that two people entertain the same proposition? Have propositions any role to play in speech act theory? Even though the notion of proposition has received considerable attention in the past philosophical debate, it is still of great interest, in particular in connection with the attacks which have recently been launched against it in the theory of language. The volume, which is equipped with a long and detailed introduction that supplies the young reader with useful background information on the different stances in the debate, could prove useful also for didactic purposes.

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Edited by Dirk Greimann

In his writings on the foundations of logic, Gottlob Frege, the father of modern logic, sketched a conception of truth that focuses on the following questions: What is the sense of the word “true”? Is truth a definable concept or a primitive one? What are the kinds of things of which truth is predicated? What is the role of the concept of truth in judgment, assertion and recognition? What is the logical category of truth? What is the significance of the concept of truth for science in general and for logic in particular?
The present volume is dedicated to the interpretation, reconstruction and critical assessment of Frege’s conception of truth. It is of interest to all those working on Frege, the history of logic and semantics, or theories of truth. The volume brings together nine original papers whose authors are all widely known to Frege scholars. The main topics are: the role of the concept of truth in Frege’s system, the nature of the truth-values, the logical category of truth, the relationship between truth and judgment, and the conception of the truth-bearers.

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Willy Martinussen

general questions appear largely to be of a type that has been posed by sociologists as long as our discipline has existed. The Concept of Culture in Sociology What, then, is a universe of meaning? In the field of sociology the expression a universe of meaning is the knowledge, ideas, beliefs, values

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Johan Redin

In the history and theory of vitalism there is an attraction to the idea the post-human. Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries there was a lively discussion about not only the origin and nature of mankind, but also of its future and progress. The belief in a biological teleology was seriously challenged by the temptations of a biological nihilism. The debate, that initially chiefly concerned materialists, opened up for radically new ideas on the concept of life and the evolution of Man. Turning to Friedrich Schiller, Karl Philipp Moritz and Honoré de Balzac, this essay explores the role of medical theory in the history of aesthetics and the traces of biological nihilism in literature and philosophy.

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Mette Andersson

science when attempting to impose its definition of racial groups onto the us public: The correct observation that the Negro is inferior (socially, economically, politically) was tied up to the correct belief that man belongs to the biological universe, and by twisting logic, the incorrect

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Raimund Hasse

-economic circumstances, it is obvious that the focused determinants are man-made. In this regard, institutional theory is devoted to the social constructivism of Berger and Luckmann (1967) , who argued that social life is based on the paradox that social order in the form of norms, values and beliefs is experienced as

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Richard Swedberg

public sphere? Toward an historical sociology of concept formation ”, Sociological Theory . 13 ( 2 ): 113 – 144 . Spillman L. ( 2004 ). “ Causal reasoning, historical logic, and sociological explanation ”, Eds. J. Alexander , G. Marx and C. Williams . Self, social structure, and beliefs

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Håkon Leiulfsrud

gender division of work (including housework) tends to be surprisingly difficult to change in both Europe and North America. Although there has been a shift in European public opinion suggesting a strong belief in gender equality and a wish to eliminate injustices, it is scarcely a complete shift or

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Willy Guneriussen

belief’ that we (Westerners) separate ‘things’ and ‘persons’ ( Latour, 2004 : 45). Without some type of distinction between things and persons, causality and intentionality, it is difficult to grasp how Latour himself can take up a position as an arguing subject attempting to convince other actors of the