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Vanessa R. de Obaldía

1 Introduction Trebizond, later known as Trabzon, was the most significant Ottoman port on the southern coast of the Black Sea and an important loading place on the Silk Road and on the Istanbul-Trabzon trade route. It was also a city that incited curiosity in the Western mind resulting in the

Richard W. Bulliet

Muslim doctrinal preference for plain white, black, or striped cotton garments contrasted with the brightly colored silk brocades with figurative designs worn by the Iranian elite in Sasanid times and still preferred by non-Muslim nobles after the Arab conquest. 21 These silks were so attractive that

Federica Duva

hall were constructed, the south-western corner was preserved (fig. 1). 1 Figure 1 In black, the reconstructed layout of the first Abbasid Friday Mosque; in light blue, the second Abbasid mosque (840-1); in green, the areas excavated by the Italian archaeological team of IsMEO after Scerrato, U

Rosanna Budelli

, he is a black bird since, in all versions, this character is described as “a black servant dressed in black” and “with a white beard”. 83 In most cases, the name and appearance liken this jinn to a vulture. This reference is most explicit in the story of Jānshāh, where the king of the birds, who

Maria Grazia Sciortino

-arba‘ ): blood ( dam ), phlegm ( balġam ), yellow bile ( al-mirra al-ṣafrā’ ) and black bile ( al-mirra al-sawdā’ ). To those humours correspond four temperaments or mizājāt (sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic), four elements (air, fire, earth, and water), four seasons (spring, summer, autumn, and

Jamsheed K. Choksy

multi-communal centers. 110 After all, Yazd was and still is at the center of overland roads heading northward to Rayy and the Caspian Sea; northwestward to Tabriz and then to the Caucasus, the Black Sea and Anatolia (Turkey); westward via Isfahan to Baghdad; southwestward to Basra and the Persian Gulf

Roy P. Mottahedeh

black” is explained as “cultivated area outside the city or surrounding the city”. 78 Mazlafa is defined as “country between green open country ( rīf ) and the outback ( barr )”. 79 11 Irrigation Irrigation receives some attention in all these dictionaries. The equivalence of the general Arabic word

Valentina Laviola

, unpublished). 3 Unfortunately, the archives of the Italian Mission preserve only black and white pictures of the medallions. The colour is usually specified in the records, with the exception of Inv. no. V0168. 4 The Museo d’arte orientale “Giuseppe Tucci” of Rome has recently moved from its traditional

David Durand-Guédy

., The Black Death in the Middle East (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977), focused on Syria and Egypt. 32 Jaʿfarīs Tārīḫ-i kabīr : p. 47, cf. Manz, Beatrice Forbes, Power, Politics and Religion in Timurid Iran (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press., 2007): p. 164. Quiring-Zoche, Isfahan : p