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Multimodality in Canadian Black Feminist Writing

Orality and the Body in the Work of Harris, Philip, Allen, and Brand

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Maria Caridad Casas

This book develops a theory of multimodality – the participation of a text in more than one mode – centred on the poetry/poetics of Lillian Allen, Claire Harris, Dionne Brand, and Marlene Nourbese Philip. How do these poets represent oral Caribbean English Creoles (CECs) in writing and negotiate the relationship between the high literary in Canadian letters and the social and historical meanings of CECs? How do the latter relate to the idea of “female and black”?
Through fluid use of code- and mode-switching, the movement of Brand and Philip between creole and standard English, and written orality and standard writing forms part of their meanings. Allen’s eye-spellings precisely indicate stereotypical creole sounds, yet use the phonological system of standard English. On stage, Allen projects a black female body in the world and as a speaking subject. She thereby shows that the implication of the written in the literary excludes her body’s language (as performance); and she embodies her poetry to realize a ‘language’ alternative to the colonizing literary. Harris’s creole writing helps her project a fragmented personality, a range of dialects enabling quite different personae to emerge within one body. Thus Harris, Brand, Philip, and Allen both project the identity “female and black” and explore this social position in relation to others.
Considering textual multimodality opens up a wide range of material connections. Although written, this poetry is also oral; if oral, then also embodied; if embodied, then also participating in discourses of race, gender, sexuality, and a host of other systems of social organization and individual identity. Finally, the semiotic body as a mode (i.e. as a resource for making meaning) allows written meanings to be made that cannot otherwise be expressed in writing. In every case, Allen, Philip, Harris, and Brand escape the constraints of dominant media, refiguring language via dialect and mode to represent a black feminist sensibility.

Corpus-Based Research into Language

In honour of Jan Aarts

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Edited by Nelleke Oostdijk and Pieter de Haan

For over two decades Jan Aarts has been actively involved in corpus linguistic research. He was the instigator of a large number of projects, and he was responsible for what has become known as the Nijmegen approach to corpus linguistics. It is thanks to him that words like TOSCA and LDB have become household names in the corpus linguistic community.
The present volume has been collected in his honour. The contributions in it cover a wide range of topics in the field of corpus linguistic research, especially those in which Jan Aarts takes a keen interest: corpus encoding and tagging, parsing and databases, and the linguistic exploration of corpus data. The contributions in this volume discuss work done in this field outside Nijmegen, for the obvious reason that we do not wish to present him with a report on work in which he is himself involved.

Faye Stewart

democratizing space beyond the nation-state, and on the other hand, a congested highway with complex hierarchies of race, gender, class, and citizenship. Bare Life and Perpetual Flight In 2016, Syrian artist Yara Said designed a bright orange flag for the 2016 refugee Olympic team bearing a horizontal black

Christian Jäger

Black Panthers zuwandte, um in späteren Jahren dann als anti-kommunistischer Reborn Christian sein Unwesen zu treiben, stützte, geht dabei meist unter. 3 Beide, Meins wie Cleaver, stehen jedenfalls in einem post-1968er Zeitgeist, in dem sich die utopischen Hoffnungen verflüchtigt und die Konflikte

„Zum Teufel mit den Kohlen“

Geldmärchen-Filme im US-amerikanischen Kino der 1980er und 1990er Jahre

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Oliver Schmidt

throw up.“ „That includes buying the Hope-Diamond for some bimbo as a birthday present.“ 10 Onkel: „Didn’t you know your great-grandfather was a honkey? Married twice, one wife white, produced me, one wife black, produced your grandmother.“ 11 Zwei der prägnantesten fiktionalen Personifizierungen dieses

Erdöl, Plastik, Credit Cards

Anmerkungen zu einer petrochemischen Geld- und Materialkultur

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Florian Auerochs

Dinge abgelöst, wie sie die Objekt-orientierte Ontologie herausfordert: „[S]omething is always something else, too: a gear in another mechanism, a relation in another assembly, a part in another whole. Within the black hole–like density of being, things undergo an expansion. The ontological equivalent

Simone Pfleger

dich persönlich hat?” (p. 67) [But you know that all kinds are welcome here, Blacks, Caucasians, Indians, fat and thin people, or have you noticed that somebody has something against you?]. This reply not only makes visible the denial of the existence of any type of prejudice, but Svenja also justifies

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Edited by Ezra Black, Roger Garside and Geoffrey Leech

This book is about building computer programs that parse (analyze, or diagram) sentences of a real-world English. The English we are concerned with might be a corpus of everyday, naturally-occurring prose, such as the entire text of this morning's newspaper.
Most programs that now exist for this purpose are not very successful at finding the correct analysis for everyday sentences. In contrast, the programs described here make use of a more successful statistically-driven approach.
Our book is, first, a record of a five-year research collaboration between IBM and Lancaster University. Large numbers of real-world sentences were fed into the memory of a program for grammatical analysis (including a detailed grammar of English) and processed by statistical methods. The idea is to single out the correct parse, among all those offered by the grammar, on the basis of probabilities. Second, this is a how-to book, showing how to build and implement a statistically-driven broad-coverage grammar of English. We even supply our own grammar, with the necessary statistical algorithms, and with the knowledge needed to prepare a very large set (or corpus) of sentences so that it can be used to guide the statistical processing of the grammar's rules.

Democratic Transgressions of Law

Governing Technology through Public Participation

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Edited by Alfons Bora and Heiko Hausendorf

Participation of concerned actors and the public is a central element in the legal regulation of science and technology. In constitutional democracy, these participatory forms are governed by the rule of law. The volume critically examines participatory governance in this realm and makes suggestions with respect to further institutional and political-cultural developments. It assembles contributions of a broad interdisciplinary range within a comparative research programme, opening the black box of participatory governance in legal procedure. The contributions are the result of almost a decade of fruitful discussion between he authors. They also demonstrate the potential of a cross-disciplinary approach that stretches from sociology, via political science and jurisprudence to hermeneutics, linguistics and conversation analysis.

Contributors are Gabriele Abels, Matthias Baier, Alfons Bora, Elena Collavin, Heiko Hausendorf, Zsuzsanna Iványi, András Kertész, Les Levidow, Kornélia Marinecz, Peter Münte, Patrick O’Mahony, Giuseppe Pellegrini, and Henrik Rahm.

Paula Prescod

in Creole languages. Black through white , was actually borrowed from Professor D. Dalby’s 1969 Hans Wolf Memorial (Indiana University) lecture: Black through White: Patterns of Communication in Africa and the New World . The term ‘transplanted European languages’ is used loosely, such that the